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REFINERY NEWS ROUNDUP: Companies in Europe report improving margins, low Q1 rates

London — European companies have reported improving margins in April, but throughput remained low in the first quarter as a result of COVID-19 restrictions.

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Spain's largest refiner Repsol said it sees refining margins widening in the remainder of the year amid a pickup in activity after the country's state of alert ended May 9. The refining margin is seen averaging $2/b for the full year, rising from 20 cents/b in Q1 and around $1.20/b in April. The company said it made a premium of 60 cents/b over benchmark in Q1 but did not make a forecast for a premium going forward. Its Spanish refinery utilization rate was 76.3% in Q1, down from 82.4% in Q1 2020 but higher than a 73.7% rate in fourth-quarter 2020. The company has reacted by closing a portion of its capacity through 2020 and 2021, taking its Spanish conversion rate down to 81.6% in Q1 from 100.4% in Q1 2020. Repsol also changed some of its contracted positions from a CIF basis to an FOB basis, which has also depressed margins. But while three refineries have temporarily laid off workers, the company does not expect any of them to be threatened with closure.

Stronger gasoline cracks are contributing to a widening refining margin at Galp's Sines refinery, CFO Filipe Silva said April 26. The refining margin in April to date is more than $3/b, Silva said, which would be an increase from a margin of $2/b the refinery reported in the first quarter and $1.10/b for the full year 2020. An increase in economic activity is also pushing increasing jet volumes, which takes some pressure off middle distillate margins in Iberia, he said. Volumes are still far below prepandemic levels, however, he added. The halt of refining at its smaller Matosinhos refinery on Dec. 20, 2020, has also been bullish for margins after the company considered it as discontinued operations from Q1 onward.

PKN's model refining margin fell to $2/b from $3.30/b a year earlier, although it had rebounded to $4.70/b as of April 23. The margin was bolstered by higher discounts on the sour Russian Urals crude that PKN mainly refines, which rose from 10 cents/b to $1.50/b, and strengthening to $2.50/b as of April 23. The company also saw a 65% drop in diesel crack margins. However, gasoline cracks improved 11%, as did heavy sulfur fuel oil cracks by 21%, and SN 150 light base oil cracks by 106%. PKN Orlen also said April 29 that maintenance shutdowns, a weaker macroeconomic environment and reduced fuel demand saw it cut throughput in Q1 by 19% year on year at 6.237 million mt. Utilization of the company's refineries fell 16 percentage points to 72%, it said in a Q1 results report. Throughput fell 1.5 million mt year on year, with the largest share, 900,000 mt, at Plock due to the planned shutdowns of the hydrocracking, hydrogen, crude distillation unit and HDS units, as well as technical problems with the olefins plant. Throughput at Plock fell 23% to 3.04 million mt, and utilization and fuel yield dropped 21 and 7 percentage points, respectively. Throughput at Orlen Lietuva in Lithuania fell 500,000 mt, or 27%, at 1.472 million mt, and utilization was down 21 percentage points on weaker macroeconomic fundamentals. PKN raised the fuel yield there by 4 percentage points, thanks to a higher share of sweet crude in the feedstock mix. Throughput at its Czech subsidiary Unipetrol, which has two refineries, was flat at 1.64 million mt. The macroeconomic environment worsened in January-March, with diesel and gasoline consumption falling between 3% and 18% in all markets PKN operates due to COVID-19 related transport restrictions.

Polish refiner Grupa Lotos said April 28 its Q1 crude throughput was 24% lower year on year at 1.975 million mt because of a planned maintenance shutdown. The main part of the shutdown, involving 16 of the refinery's more than 60 units including the delayed coking unit, was carried out in March and resulted in utilization falling more than 12 percentage points year on year to 88.4%, the company said in a Q1 results report. Those units were brought back online in early April. The second part of the planned maintenance involving the three systems of the CDU started on April 7 and was due to be completed on May 1. Lotos estimates the maintenance will reduce its annual throughput by a maximum 5% year on year.

France's Total reported lower Q1 throughput at its domestic refineries.They processed 114,000 b/d in the quarter, down 55% on the year and down 81% from the respective quarter of 2019. Its total throughput globally was 1.147 million b/d, down 21% from Q1 2020 and down 38% from Q1 2019. Overall, the utilization rate at its refineries around the world was 58% compared with 69% a year earlier and 89% in Q1 2019. Throughput fell in Q1 due to the "economic shutdown" of the Donges refinery, given low margins, the shutdown of the Grandpuits refinery "before its conversion to a zero-oil platform" and the sale of the UK Lindsey refinery. Total also attributed the lower runs to the "temporary shutdown" of Port Arthur in the US due to the February winter storm. Grandpuits has been fully offline since January while Donges refinery is expected to start in June, according to S&P Global Platts data. Separately, the CDU at Gonfreville, which has been offline since December 2019, is expected back in May, according to market sources.

Austria-based OMV's expects the utilization rates at its European refineries to remain at 2020 level this year. Last year, its refineries reported 86% utilization. "There is no major turnaround planned for our refineries in Europe," OMV said in its Q1 report. Its refineries in Europe ran at 81% utilization in Q1, down from 94% in the year-ago quarter. Its refining indicator margin in Europe "significantly declined" by 66% to 1.68/b in Q1 from $4.93/b last year. The company expects its 2021 margin to be above the $2.44/b for 2020 and also expects higher sales in Europe.

OMV Petrom expects utilization rate above 95% in 2021 at its Petrobrazi refinery. Its utilization was 95% in Q1, marginally down from 96% last year and above the "European refineries' average" of around 71%. The high utilization was attributed to "placing more equity products on all our markets while reducing third-party supply." The company expects its 2021 refining margin to be above $4/b, compared with $2.89/b in 2020.

Italian energy group Eni said Q1 throughput at its domestic refineries was 5% down on the year at 3.85 million mt, "in response to a sharply depressed refining scenario." In the rest of the world, it achieved 29% higher throughput at 2.55 million mt as the year-ago performance has been affected by a "prolonged plant standstill" at Adnoc. The company reported 71% average utilization rate in Q1, down from 74% in the year-ago quarter. Biothroughput was also down 13% at 163,000 mt in Q1 with biorefineries' average utilization rate at 65%, down from 67%.

Turkish refiner Tupras said its throughput for totaled 4.843 million mt in Q1, down 23.6% on Q1 2020, while capacity utilization for the quarter was 64.6%, down sharply on the 84% reported in Q4 2020, on the 84.6% in Q1 2020, and on the 81.8% average for 2020. Its total refinery output in Q1 was 4.609 million mt, down 23.7% year on year and down 24.3% on Q4 2020. Tupras blamed the fall in production during the quarter on the continuing impacts of the coronavirus pandemic coupled with normal seasonal slack demand, and the impact of the closure of its Izmir refinery for planned maintenance during part of the quarter. Tupras said it anticipated 2021 production within 26 million-27 million mt at a capacity utilization rate of 90%-95% and a sales volume of 26 million-27 million mt. The company said it anticipated its net refining margin for the year to average $2.50-$3.50/b, against a Mediterranean refining margin of between zero and 50 cents/b. The company anticipates achieving better mid distillate and gasoline cracks but weaker HSFO cracks.

Hungary's MOL reported total throughput of 3.91 million mt in Q1, down 4.5% year on year and the lowest in at least a decade.

Meanwhile, a number of refineries have decided upon or are considering full, partial or temporary plant and unit closures.

** ExxonMobil said it is evaluating the conversion of its Slagen refinery in Norway into a fuel import terminal. A consultation process has been initiated with employees and their representatives "as part of an extensive review of the long-term economic viability of the facility," it said in a statement April 8. "The basis for and timing of a potential conversion will be subject to consultation with employees and dialog with the relevant authorities," the company said in a statement. The refinery will remain in operation during the course of the conversion.

** Gunvor's Rotterdam refinery has shuttered its two crude processing units, one in 2019 and the other one in 2020, and is developing new processes around hydrogen and the coprocessing of vegetable oil.

The refinery in Antwerp is being mothballed with terminal activities continuing at the site. Future development opportunities are being assessed.

** The strike at France's Grandpuits refinery was called off in mid-February, but only temporarily. In September 2020, Total said it would convert the refinery into a biofuel and plastics recycling complex, ending crude refining at the site in early 2021. The refinery has been fully offline since late January. Total halted the CDU at Grandpuits Nov. 16, 2020, but other units had remained in operation.

** Eni is evaluating the conversion of its Livorno refinery in northwest Italy into a biorefinery, as part of the Italian company's wider strategy to make its activities more environmentally sustainable, a company spokesperson said. Eni has already converted two of its Italian refineries and is looking to almost double its biorefining capacity to around 2 million mt/year by 2024, and expand this by at least five times by 2050, as part of a pledge to achieve complete carbon neutrality by 2050.

** Portugal's Galp said in April that the last units at its Porto refinery should be stopped at the end of the month and decommissioning will then start, to be followed by decontamination. In a regulatory filing Dec. 21, 2020, the company said it will discontinue refining operations at the Porto refinery from 2021 and concentrate its core refining activities and future developments at the larger Sines refinery. Galp said it will focus on enhancing the resilience and competitiveness of the Sines site, with a view to improve efficiency and to integrate the production of advanced biofuels and other cleaner as well as more valuable products. At present, the site of Porto will remain a logistics hub, but the company will assess other ways to use the facility. The company intends to shift its entire refining operations to the larger 220,000 b/d Sines refinery, where it has an FCC and a hydrocracker. The company said it expects the utilization rate at Sines to reach 90% in 2021.

** France's Donges refinery is expected to restart in June, most likely around mid-June, a source at the CGT union said April 12. Total said Nov. 24 that it was to halt operations at Donges from Nov. 30 for the coming months due to weak margins, in the wake of the demand slump caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The refinery had been operating at a loss, it said.

** Petroineos said April 26 its plan to transition the configuration of its UK Grangemouth refinery will be phased in over time and will take place during 2021. In January, the company concluded consultations with employees regarding its proposal to reconfigure the Grangemouth refinery in Scotland "to meet current and future anticipated demand of our fuels products," a process that started in November 2020. The company has said previously that it proposes a smaller refining operation at Grangemouth and plans to mothball the CDU1 and the FCC, two units that "have been closed throughout the COVID pandemic due to significantly reduced local and international demand for fuels."

** Croatia's Rijeka refinery will optimize its operations from November "for a few months" and during that period will "perform regular technological activities at process units such as catalyst regeneration and preparation of these plants for the new processing cycle in 2021 through regular maintenance work."

** Finland's Neste said it had discontinued refining operations at its smaller Naantali refinery at the end of March. "Neste will continue port and distribution terminal operations in Naantali," it said April 14. The company had previously announced plans to close Naantali by the end of March and develop the Porvoo refinery "toward co-processing renewable and circular raw materials." As a result of the closure of Naantali, Neste's total refining capacity in Finland is now approximately 10.5 million mt/year (206,000 b/d). With Naantali shut down, the company will focus the site on terminal and harbor operations. Neste's total crude production in Q1 was 2.943 mt, down from 3.703 mt in Q1 2020.

** Spain's Bilbao had the smaller of its two CDUs offline since Nov. 20, 2020, and recently announced a temporary layoff of one-third of its staff.

** Repsol said April 8 it will lay off up to 60% of the workforce -- up to 618 workers -- at its Puertollano refinery complex for up to six months, citing weak demand. The company had already halted the refinery's CDU citing unfavorable market conditions on March 31. The lubricant and chemical units have remained operational, with the chemical units due to carry out a regular turnaround in May.

** At A Coruna refinery, Repsol intends to halt operations at the coker unit, with a capacity of 1.1 million mt/year, and vacuum unit 2, but keep other units in operation until a planned turnaround of the fuel units in May. The company is temporarily laying off 31% of its staff at the A Coruna refinery due to the unprecedented decline in oil demand, it said April 8. The 212 layoffs are expected to last for a maximum of six months, it said in a statement.

** Spanish energy group Cepsa said May 6 it had restarted two units at its La Rabida refinery in Huelva, which had been idle since September 2020. The company cited "new opportunities in the international market" and the "geographical position" of the refinery as contributing factors to its decision. It said April 30 that the units would likely restart in Q2, which would bring its refinery utilization levels back to around 85%. At La Rabida, Fuel Unit 1 and and Vacuum Unit 2 were taken offline after concluding their last maintenance in Q3 2020.

** Germany's Heide refinery will reduce its staff by 106 positions following "intensive and constructive negotiations" since the end of October 2020, the refinery said Jan. 28. It said, however, it will be "well-positioned for the future" with the agreed downsizing and "by changing its business model toward the future production of green hydrogen."

** Shell sold its Fredericia refinery in Denmark to PL ESG Denmark Co APS (Postlane Partners) earlier this year. The deal included the Fredericia refinery, its hydrocarbon inventory, and local trading and supply activities.

Separately, Portuguese gasoline sales volumes fell 27% year on year in Q1 at 165,400 mt, according to data published April 26 by the country's energy department, as COVID-19 restrictions weighed on volumes of all transport fuels. Diesel demand fell 17% to 852,400 mt in Q1 while jet volume declined 73% to 78,100 mt, and bunker fuel volume dropped 28% to 184,300 mt, according to Direccao Geral de Energia e Geologia (DGEG). Declines in fuel oil and LPG demand were more muted on an annual basis, with fuel oil demand down 5% year on year at 21,700 mt, and LPG demand down 8% at 128,800 mt in Q1. Portugal was under a state of alert in Q1, which had been extended to April 30.

Oil product supply from storage facilities to the Spanish retail market increased 70% year on year in April to 2.5 million cu m (2 million mt), rebounding from a record low in April 2020, data published May 6 by national fuel distributor Exolum showed. However, ompared with 2019 totals, which were not affected by pandemic restrictions, volumes for all products were still lower, with gasoline volume down 16% from April 2019 to 382,000 cu m (287,000 mt), diesel volume down 16% to 1.99 million cu m (1.7 million mt) and kerosene volume down 75% to 147,600 cu m (118,000 mt), Exolum said.

Italy's demand for refined oil products in March gained 20.7% to 4.1 million mt year on year compared with the same month in 2020, industry group Unione Energie per la Mobilita said May 7. Compared with March 2019, last month's oil product demand suffered a drop of over 14%, according to Unem data. This decline reflects the ongoing restrictions that are currently in place in to limit the spread of the according to a Unem statement.

Italian refinery production output in January and February was 8.75 million mt, 22.5% lower year on year, dragged down by less crude throughput, according to data released by Unione Energie per la Mobilita. The average run rate in the first two months of the year was 58.5% of Italy's 87.25 million mt/year full capacity, down from 63.1% in January and from the full-year run rate of 67.5% in 2020.

New and ongoing maintenance:

Refinery
Capacity
Country
Owner
Unit
Duration
Sannazzaro
190,000
Italy
Eni
EST
2020
Castellon
110,000
Spain
BP
part
2020/2021
Gonfreville
247,000
France
Total
part
Dec'19
Leuna
230,000
Germany
Total
full
Q2 2021
Tenerife
90,000
Spain
Cepsa
offline
Since 2014
Bilbao
220,000
Spain
Repsol
part
Jan
La Rabida
220,000
Spain
Cepsa
part
Oct
Rijeka
90,000
Croatia
INA
full
Nov
Milazzo
200,000
Italy
Joint
part
Jan
Pernis
404,000
Netherlands
Shell
part
Feb
Gdansk
210,000
Poland
Lotos
part
Back
Botlek
190,000
Netherlands
ExxonMobil
full
Mar
Sarroch
300,000
Italy
Saras
part
Mar
Sines
220,000
Portugal
Galp
part
Back
Bratislava
122,000
Slovakia
MOL
part
2020
Duna
165,000
Hungary
MOL
part
2020
ISAB
321,000
Italy
Lukoil
Part
May
Haifa
197,000
Israel
Bazan
Part
May
Cressier
68,000
Switzerland
Varo
Full
May

Future maintenance:

Lavera
210,000
France
Petroineos
part
Sep
Burgas
190,000
Bulgaria
Lukoil
full
2021
Petrobrazi
90,000
Romania
OMV
full
2022
Gothenburg
125,000
Sweden
Preem
full
2021
Puertollano
150,000
Spain
Repsol
part
2020
Gdansk
210,000
Poland
Lotos
full
2022
Holborn
105,000
Germany
Oilinvest
full
2023
Sarpom
180,000
Italy
Joint
full
2021
Porvoo
250,000
Finland
Neste Oil
full
2021
Petromidia
114,000
Romania
Rompetrol
full
2024
Litvinov
108,000
Czech
Unipetrol
full
2024
Feyzin
109,000
France
Total
mothball
2021
Burghausen
76,000
Germany
OMV
part
2022
Ingolstadt
110,000
Germany
Gunvor
part
2022

Near-term maintenance

New and revised entries

** Tupras announced in its Q1 report its maintenance programme for 2021. The company confirmed that the maintenance work announced last year, which led to the shutdown of the Izmir refinery, was all completed during Q1 as was work on the desulfurization unit at the Izmit refinery, and work on the crude and vacuum unit of the Batman refinery, started last year and continued during Q1. The revamp of the FCC unit at Izmit that started in Q1 and is planned to take 30 weeks was reported as ongoing. Planned for Q4 this year is periodic maintenance on the vacuum unit and lubes unit at Izmir, both scheduled to take six weeks.

** MOL will continue with smaller shutdowns of various units at the Danube and Bratislava refineries throughout the second and third quarters of 2021, the company said in its Q1 earnings presentation on May 7. MOL said earlier it is planning a "more intense" maintenance schedule this year than in 2020, when such activities were kept to a minimum in an effort to control capital expenditures. Hungary's MOL reported total throughput of 3.91 million mt in Q1, down 4.5% year on year and the lowest in at least a decade. Low fuel demand, caused by mobility restrictions amid the third wave of the pandemic across the CEE region, was the main reason behind the low throughput, in addition to maintenance works at the Rijeka refinery.

** The continuous catalytic reformer unit at Israel's Haifa refinery has been stopped following a breakdown, and the company is preparing to carry out repairs, the refinery said May 5. The repairs are expected to last several weeks. The Jerusalem Post reported that the CCR unit had been halted following a fire on May 1. The fire, which was contained by the refinery's emergency team, occurred after damage to one of the pipes in the CCR, the report said. The refinery also said it estimates a loss of $20 million-$30 million for the period in which the unit will be halted. Separately, an executive committee established by the government has recommended the cessation of refining and petrochemical activity in the Haifa Bay due to environmental pollution, according to media reports.

** Varo Energy's Cressier refinery in Switzerland has started works on May 10, due to last around seven weeks until the end of June, according to a local media report. The units are gradually being halted for the planned maintenance. Previously, market sources said the refinery was planning works in May.

** Spain's Petronor said May 11 it will restart the boiler at Plant 3 at Bilbao. The company said at the end of March it was taking the boiler offline at the facility's plant 3, without specifying the length of the work. Plant 3 is where most of the conversion units are located. Petronor said May 4 it will halt the fluid catalytic cracker at the refinery for three days for maintenance. The refinery halted its No. 2 CDU on Nov. 20, 2020, due to the market conditions. The halt has affected 40% of the refinery's crude distillation and include the visbreaking unit. The refinery said March 29 it was to lay off around 350 workers, or one-third of the workforce, temporarily from the first week of May and potentially for the rest of 2021

** Finland's Porvoo refinery said April 29 that a major turnaround started in early April is scheduled to last for about 12 weeks. The company indicated that the turnaround had had an impact on sales. Announcing Q1 results, Neste said sales volumes were about 18% lower year on year, mainly due to lower demand, preparations for the major turnaround of the Porvoo refinery, and the closure of its smaller Naantali refinery at the end of March. A major turnaround at Porvoo is performed about every five years. The maintenance work was originally planned for last year but was deferred due to COVID-19, with only the "most critical works" completed in spring 2020.

** Poland's second largest refiner Grupa Lotos said April 26 that all maintenance work at its Gdansk refinery will be completed on May 1. "As per the maintenance schedule, 16 out of the total of more than 60 units were taken offline in March 2021 and resumed operation in early April," Lotos said.

The second and last phase started April 7 and involved the maintenance of three systems in the CDU, which will be completed by May 1. The rest of the maintenance is scheduled for the spring of 2022. Lotos said previously that the maintenance will reduce the refinery's throughput capacity in 2021 by an estimated 5%.

** The FCC unit at Portugal's Sines refinery is back online, Galp confirmed April 27. The unit was taken offline in February, according to market sources, although Galp declined to comment at the time. Galp said April 26 that higher gasoline cracks are contributing to a widening refining margin at the refinery. The refining margin in April to date is more than $3/b, CFO Filipe Silva said.

** The Scholven part of Germany's Gelsenkirchen refinery starts major works from May 15, according to local media reports citing the company. Some units will be halted for about eight weeks.

** Germany's Leuna refinery has started its general maintenance, which will last around eight weeks, the company said May 6. The company previously said it would carry out works in May and June. The maintenance and an upgrade had been scheduled for last autumn but were postponed "due to the ongoing pandemic and the resulting restrictions on travel and transport of goods, as well as the impact on international supply chains," the company has said previously. Total is investing around Eur150 million ($166 million) in "safety and environmental standards for the next cycle period," the company said. Planning for the general maintenance, the fourth in the refinery's history, has been underway since 2018. Separately, another major investment entitled 'Leuna 2020+', which has been underway since before the shutdown, will be integrated during the shutdown, the company said, adding that it is investing a similar amount as the maintenance investment in modernizing and expanding the POX methanol plant and "another conversion plant" to adapt better to "the changing market situation." It has previously said it would reduce production of heavy products as demand decreases, and increase production of methanol -- a key feedstock for the chemical industry. The project will deepen the integration of refining and petrochemical operations and increase the competitiveness of the plant, Total said previously.

Existing entries

** The ISAB refinery in Sicily is carrying out maintenance on its CR40 Gofiner unit, which breaks up heavy hydrocarbon molecules into lighter fractions using heat and catalysts, as well as its PR1 cumene catalyst, according to sources close to the refinery. Both units are in the northern section of the refinery. The duration or start date of the works is unknown and the refinery is currently online, though it is unclear how the maintenance and upgrades are affecting output. ISAB had returned both its north and its south plants to full operations earlier this year following a wide scale maintenance cycle, which began in October and included upgrades to the refinery's IGCC Cogen unit. The IGCC unit is still offline and its restart date, which depends on market conditions, is currently unknown, sources close to the refinery said.

** The Milazzo refinery located on the southern Italian island of Sicily will by the end of May complete maintenance works on its LC Finer unit, which is offline, as well as on other units as part of wide-scale upgrade works at the plant, a source close to the refinery told S&P Global Platts. The maintenance and upgrade works started in the first quarter of 2021. No information was available on which units aside from the LC Finer are currently involved in the works, or if and how production output is affected. The maintenance, including works on the LC Finer unit, was originally scheduled for 2019 and postponed various times.

** France's Donges refinery is expected to restart in June, most likely around mid-June, a source at the CGT union said April 12. Total said Nov. 24 that it was to halt operations at Donges from Nov. 30 for the coming months due to weak margins, in the wake of the demand slump caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The refinery had been operating at a loss, it said.

** The maintenance at ExxonMobil's Rotterdam refinery, which started in March, has been extended into April, according to market sources.

** France's Gonfreville refinery will be halting its base oil production facility due to structurally low demand, the company said March 2021. The base oil unit has been shut since December 2019 following a fire at the crude unit, a CGT union source said. Its restart would have required a major overhaul. The crude distillation unit, which was damaged after the fire at the pump feeding crude oil, remains offline. It is due to restart in May, according to CGT union sources.

** Shell's Pernis refinery in the Netherlands said that works on one of its units will last until late May. The works on the unidentified unit started in late March. The refinery performed works on another unit in February and March.

** Italy's Sarroch refinery is undergoing partial works, according to market sources. The company declined to comment but in its latest financial report in November 2020 said that it would lower maintenance costs over the next two years as all but essential upgrades are delayed beyond 2022.

** All units at France's Grandpuits refinery are now fully offline as a result of a strike which has meanwhile been called off. Total halted the crude distillation unit at Grandpuits Nov. 16 but the other units at the refinery had remained in operation. All units are now halted and product deliveries have also stopped. Work to prepare the dismantling of the refinery has been halted.

** Two planned maintenances at the Castellon refinery is eastern Spain have been pushed back, with no fixed date for when they will now go ahead. The first was previously scheduled for May and to last two to three weeks, affecting two distillation units, the powerformer 1 and the HVN. A second maintenance, initially due for November for two to three weeks, affecting one conversion unit (treatment plant) and the 1.4 million mt/year coker, has been pushed back into 2021.

** Eni's Sannazzaro de Burgondi refinery in northern Italy started another cycle of maintenance and upgrade works, even as a decision on when to reactivate its Eni slurry technology (EST) unit, which has been offline since a 2016 fire, is still outstanding. The works being carried out are not the series of works planned for the EST unit that had previously been suspended.

** The Canary Islands' only refinery on Tenerife will be permanently closed in the long term. There has been no production since 2014. Cepsa will install some logistics and storage facilities at the site, amid a wider regeneration project.

Future

Existing entries

** Gunvor Group said that its Ingolstadt refinery in Germany will undertake projects focused on heating systems and exchangers "to continue improving its energy efficiency and reduce its emissions." A planned turnaround in 2023 will allow additional reductions, by carrying out projects on the FCC.

** Poland's second largest refiner Grupa Lotos will carry the second part of the maintenance at its Gdansk refinery in the spring of 2022.

** Lukoil's Neftochim refinery in Burgas, Bulgaria, which had scheduled out major works for this year, has postponed them, according to sources close to the matter. The refinery typically carries out works in February and March but has deferred them to later in 2021, possibly during the second half of the year. The works are expected to include atmospheric vacuum unit 1, atmospheric vacuum unit 2, atmospheric vacuum distillation 2, FCC, hydrotreatment, hydrocracker, according to company tender documents.

** France's Lavera refinery is planning works at its FCC unit in September.

** Austria's OMV said it will expand and modernize the cracker units and petrochemical cold section at its Burghausen refinery in Germany with the upgraded units planned to go live in Q3 2022, following a planned turnaround of the refinery.

** Czech Unipetrol said that following the turnaround at its Litvinov plant in Q2'20 the refinery has prepared production for a new four-year cycle. Thus the next turnaround is due in 2024.

** With its 2020 maintenance, Romania's Petromidia and the petrochemical division "will align with the new operating strategy, with a general turnaround scheduled for 4 years and technological shutdowns scheduled for 2 years," the company said.

** Two months of maintenance at the Sarpom refinery in Trecate, Italy, originally scheduled for October 2019 have been pushed back to 2021. Details on which units at the refinery will be upgraded as part of the maintenance -- of the kind needed every 3-4 years -- had yet to emerge.

** The Holborn refinery near Hamburg, northern Germany, plans its next turnaround in 2023. Its previous maintenance was in the autumn of 2018. The refinery carries out major works every five years.

** The next major turnaround at Preem's Gothenburg refinery in Sweden will be in 2021.

** Romania's Petrobrazi will undergo its next big turnaround in 2022.

** Total's Feyzin is considering mothballing a visbreaker unit around 2021 as demand for heavy fuel is gradually declining and the unit works on average no more than three days a month. As a result of the mothballing seven people would lose their jobs, but would be offered other jobs within the organization, the company said.