Warsaw — Electricity demand in Poland fell 2.3% year on year to 165.5 TWh in 2020 thanks to the economic restrictions imposed to control the coronavirus pandemic, the country's transmission system operator PSE said Jan. 13.
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Even a 4.3% year on year rise in demand in December was insufficient to overturn the decline, but annual growth in demand in both November and December showed the pandemic's impact on winter consumption was much reduced.
Net power generation in 2020 dropped 4% year on year to 152.3 TWh, according to PSE data. The shortfall was offset by record net imports of 13.2 TWh, accounting for 8% of total power demand, up from 6.3% in 2019, thanks to Poland having the highest wholesale power prices in the region.
In December, net imports fell 13% year on year thanks partly to interconnector maintenance.
Hard coal and lignite's share of total generation in 2020 fell three percentage points YoY to 72%. In December, however, hard coal generation saw a 10.8% YoY rise.
Wind generation had a 9.3% share of total 2020 output, up from 8.8% in 2019. Gas-fired generation's share of the total was 9.1%, up from 7.6%.
What PSE describes as "other renewable installations", which in practice is almost totally PV solar, increased its share of the total from 0.3% to 1.44%.
POLAND - ELECTRICITY BALANCE, DEC AND FY 2020 (GWh)