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Daily Update: March 9, 2021

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Daily Update: June 11, 2021

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Daily Update: March 9, 2021

Subscribe on LinkedIn to be notified of each new Daily Update—a curated selection of essential intelligence on financial markets and the global economy from S&P Global.

The global mining industry appears to be at an inflection point.

The pandemic prompted the severe disruption of global industrial activity, steel markets, and downstream producers last year, resulting in a one-third year-over-year decline in the value of mining merger and acquisition (M&A) deals, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence. But building on an uptick of M&A in the second half of 2020, the industry enjoys an improved outlook this year as both prices and demand recover.

The strength of that growth may hinge on how mining companies address environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors.

“Since the metals and mining industry is perceived as posing multiple threats to the environment, companies may increasingly see their access to capital restrained,” S&P Global Ratings said in its 2021 outlook for the global metals and mining industry. “The use of cleaner energy sources, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, the correct treatment and disposal of waste, as well as active engagement with the surrounding communities, are all paramount to the industry. Markets and end users will demand timely data on those fronts and miners’ future performance will play a major role in investment decisions and business continuity.”

Australia’s energy conglomerates are looking to the mining industry to accelerate the energy transition ahead of the country’s goal to achieve net-zero emissions by 2050. The country’s gas sector has expressed interest in working with miners on industrial commercial projects to capture and store carbon from the blue hydrogen produced from natural gas, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence. The country’s expansive supply of critical mineral resources are necessary for electric-vehicle manufacturing, which should maintain the mining industry’s relevance despite criticism from environmental groups.

The situation is similar in the U.S., where the mining industry could expand under the Biden Administration—whose climate policy ambitions will drive demand for battery metals. Congress could compromise on the need to balance critical metals and minerals and larger clean energy ambitions. Social considerations for U.S. miners, including workplace safety policies reshaped for coronavirus conditions, are already underway.

Worldwide, mining companies are likely to adopt ESG certification standards in order to maintain their access to capital markets and stay relevant in the competitive landscape.

"Credible mine certification is becoming mainstream as a way of providing a shortcut to ESG disclosure, due to the emergence of agreed standards of good practice in mining and metals production," Francis Sullivan, the deputy chair of the non-profit organization ResponsibleSteel, said during a conference earlier this year, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence. "This gives buyers choice to seek out certified suppliers to improve transparency and reduce their upstream risks and carbon footprint."

Today is Tuesday, March 9, 2021, and here is today’s essential intelligence.

Uncertainty in the Global Economy

Jobs Growth Reaccelerates While Full Employment Remains a Long Way Off

The U.S. economy added 379,000 jobs in February, but the labor market remains 9.5 million jobs short of the pre-pandemic peak, and we estimate it is 11.7 million jobs below its pre-pandemic 12-month trend.

—Read the full report from S&P Global Ratings

M&A Rebound Sparks Optimism for Near-Term Deal Activity

The total announced value of global M&A deals just about doubled in the second half of 2020 to $1.736 trillion compared to the first half of the year, according to S&P Global Market Intelligence's latest M&A and equity offering report.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

The Future of Credit

Covered Bonds in New Markets: Expect Only a Gradual Recovery

Weak asset growth and limited funding needs will constrain volumes in 2021, but the outlook remains positive because of the role that covered bonds could play in mobilizing private capital toward mortgage financing in new markets.

—Read the full report from S&P Global Ratings

Financial and Business Risks

In this case study S&P Global Market Intelligence shows how business risk and financial risk scores can help with gauging future changes to a Corporate issuer credit ratings over a certain time horizon, which may help credit risk and investment managers better monitor and manage their portfolios.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

Market Volatility

Cryptocurrencies Are Still Mostly About Speculation, Not Payment

Financial markets are getting excited again about cryptocurrencies—especially bitcoin after prices rallied to record highs in February. However, S&P Global Ratings believes cryptocurrencies continue to be speculative instruments, which investors mostly use as a store of value rather than a means for commerce, despite some moves toward broader adoption.

—Read the full report from S&P Global Ratings

Amsterdam Exchanges Storm Ahead After Brexit, but London Plots Renewal

Amsterdam has shoved London aside to become Europe's biggest share trading venue post-Brexit, but the British capital is already fighting back with a series of financial reforms. The Dutch city's share trading venues posted a higher average daily value of shares traded than London, at €9.2 billion compared with €8.6 billion, for the first time in January.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

A Change in Fortune

After almost four years of underperformance, the S&P 500® Equal Weight Index outperformed the S&P 500 by 1.6% over the past 12 months. This result may be the beginning of a trend in mean-reversion that S&P Dow Jones Indices observes from the exhibit’s historical peaks and troughs.

—Read the full article from S&P Dow Jones Indices

Celebrating 64 Years of the S&P 500

The S&P 500® was launched on March 4, 1957, which marked its 64th birthday. The S&P 500’s construction, its historical performance, its large ecosystem, and its challenge to active managers all help to explain the index’s relevance and appeal.

—Read the full article from S&P Dow Jones Indices

Technology & Innovation

Virginia's Privacy Law Vs. California's and Which State Might Be Next

Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam signed a sweeping piece of consumer data protection legislation into law this month, making Virginia the second state to pass a comprehensive data privacy law, according to privacy experts. The new law marks the latest chapter in an expanding patchwork of state actions on privacy.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

Antitrust Set to Be Back in the Spotlight in Congress

Antitrust reform has been in the spotlight for much of the last two years in Congress. On the House side, a subcommittee released a detailed report in October 2020 that accused major online platforms of having monopoly power and recommended structural separations of certain businesses.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

Banking Sector Under Pressure

After 2020 Surge, European Bank M&A Poised to Enter 'Bull Market'

Bank shares are cheap, interest rates are low, regulators are keen and the COVID-19 pandemic has increased the need for digitalization and restructuring — all in all, the perfect confluence of factors to boost M&A activity in European banking over the next few years, according to market observers.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

Italy Shows Most Promise as Europe's Domestic Bank M&A Wave Continues in 2021

Weak profits, rising costs and the lack of scale to compete in a still-fragmented market have been driving European domestic bank consolidation for some time, particularly in overbanked markets such as Spain and Italy. Italy booked the highest number of announced bank M&A deals in 2020 and Spain recorded the strongest year-over-year increase in deal volume, according to data compiled by S&P Global Market Intelligence.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

India Banks Need to Account for Climate Risk With $84B at Stake, Warns Nonprofit

The CDP, formerly known as the Climate Disclosure Project, has been lobbying banks to measure and disclose the risk climate change may pose to their portfolio. The CDP says Indian banks and policymakers need to plan for the country's move away from its reliance on carbon and the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic offers an opportunity for a reset.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

ESG in the Time of COVID-19

U.S. Utilities Show Enthusiasm, Skepticism for 2035 Clean Power Goal

Most large utilities are already working to cut carbon emissions, and some with lower-emitting portfolios have welcomed Biden's proposal. But generators have broadly urged caution amid resilience concerns following recent power outages in Texas and as a wave of new natural gas-fired plants is planned to come online.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

Experts Explain Why Green Hydrogen Costs Have Fallen and Will Keep Falling

As electric and gas utilities contemplate investing in low-carbon hydrogen and the technology to produce it, the high price of today's supplies and equipment — and the potential for cost declines — are major considerations. At the CERAWeek by IHS Markit conference, hydrogen experts and stakeholders expressed confidence that the cost curve will indeed bend in the coming years.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Market Intelligence

Sustainable Aviation Fuel Rollout to Gain Momentum in Asia But Hurdles Remain

Sustainable aviation fuel has been slow to take off in Asia but the increased thrust on carbon emissions, a need to maintain reputational goodwill along with ready feedstock availability will likely hasten the momentum toward SAF, industry sources said at the S&P Global Platts 8th Asian Refining Virtual Summit.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Platts

Ceraweek Conversations Put Focus on Energy Transition

Conversations at this year's CERAWeek by IHS Markit, held virtually this year after being canceled in 2020 due to the pandemic, were wide ranging, although energy transition was often the main topic.

—Listen and subscribe to Capitol Crude, a podcast from S&P Global Platts

The Future of Energy & Commodities

Market Movers Americas, March 8-12: Crude Backwardation, U.S. Rig Count See Spikes

In this week's Market Movers Americas, presented by Savannah Bush: crude backwardation spikes as OPEC+ extends cuts, oil and gas rig counts see largest jump in 11 months, U.S. LNG utilization rebound lifts benchmark talk, Gulf Coast petrochemical plants continue to recover from freeze.

—Watch and share this Market Movers video from S&P Global Platts

Possible Regulations Pose Large Production Risk to Permian Delaware: Dallas Fed

Operators remain slow to resume pre-pandemic drilling activity in the prolific Permian despite higher commodity prices, while anticipated federal restrictions might hinder production growth further in the years ahead, particularly in the New Mexico portion, according to US Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Platts

Saudi Arabia Discipline Pushes OPEC+ Crude Output to 4-Month Low in Feb: Platts Survey

Saudi Arabia made good on its pledge to cut an additional 1 million b/d of its crude production in February, driving total output by OPEC and its Russia-led allies to a four-month low, according to the latest S&P Global Platts survey.

—Read the full article from S&P Global Platts

Written and compiled by Molly Mintz.