The state of Wyoming and the District of Columbia had the highest energy consumption per capita in 2016, at 28 MWh per person, though for both their 2016 results were lower than the year before. Wyoming’s electricity consumption per capita fell by 1.76% in 2016, while the District of Columbia decreased by 1.39%.
These values are based on an S&P Global Market Intelligence analysis of retail electric sales reported to the U.S. Energy Information Administration on Form 861 and state population figures.
Wyoming had a population of 589,763 people who consumed 16,554,870 MWh of electricity in 2016. The average electricity price was 8.19 cents per kWh, with the state’s industrial sector consuming 59.68% of the electricity. The state's largest electricity distributor, PacifiCorp, a subsidiary of Berkshire Hathaway Energy, in September issued a request for proposals for 1,270 MW of wind capacity to be in service by 2020.
The District of Columbia had a population of 676,929 with a total consumption of 18,760,138 MWh in 2016. Its average electric price was 6.65 cents per kWh in 2016. The commercial sector accounted for 80.98% of electricity consumed. Their largest distributor, Exelon Corp. subsidiary Potomac Electric Power Co., provided 60.72% of electricity volume for the jurisdiction.
California and Hawaii were the states with the lowest energy consumption per capita in 2016, with each at 7 MWh. California's energy consumption decreased by 2.75% compared to the previous year, while Hawaii saw a 1.71% decline.
California had a population of about 39 million, with an energy consumption volume of 283,613,304 MWh. The state has an average retail price of 13.77 cents per kWh.
Hawaii, with a population of almost 1.5 million, consumed 9,437,147 MWh of electricity in 2016. The state had the highest average retail electricity price among U.S. states, at 23.87 cents per kWh.
New Hampshire had the largest year-over-year increase in energy consumption per capita in 2016, at 2.19%. The growth is attributed to the state's commercial sector whose increase accounted for more than half of the total 2016 year-over-year increase of 410,025 MWh.
The state of Maine saw the greatest decrease in energy consumption, dropping 4.08% year-over-year, continuing its trend from a sharp decline in 2015.