trending Market Intelligence /marketintelligence/en/news-insights/trending/abm8s0_2w5wvys21pz6spa2 content
BY CONTINUING TO USE THIS SITE, YOU ARE AGREEING TO OUR USE OF COOKIES. REVIEW OUR
PRIVACY & COOKIE NOTICE
Log in to other products

Login to Market Intelligence Platform

 /


Looking for more?

Contact Us

Request a Demo

You're one step closer to unlocking our suite of comprehensive and robust tools.

Fill out the form so we can connect you to the right person.

  • First Name*
  • Last Name*
  • Business Email *
  • Phone *
  • Company Name *
  • City *

* Required

In this list

Europe torpedoes Basel IV as it struggles to contain Deutsche fears

Street Talk Episode 40 - Digital Banks Take a Page Out of 'Mad Men'

Broadband Only Homes Skyrocket In 2018 Validating Top MSOs Connectivity Pivot

Power Forecast Briefing: As retirements accelerate, can renewable energy fill the gap?

2019 Credit Risk Perspectives: Is The Credit Cycle Turning? A Fundamentals View


Europe torpedoes Basel IV as it struggles to contain Deutsche fears

As amarket panic threatens to engulf Deutsche Bank and questions hang over Italy's financialsector, signs are emerging of a European strategy to reform its banks and kick-startlending, by diluting post-crisis financial regulation dubbed "" and cleaning upnonperforming loans.

Almosttwo years after the ECB centralized control of the EU's biggest lenders underone supervisor, officials are making it clear that the continent's bankingsystem, already struggling with negative interest rates at a time whenborrowers are overburdened with debt, cannot afford the additional capitalcharges championed by U.S. officials within the world's top banking regulator.

Europeannations, together with Japan, may have sufficient strength on the BaselCommittee for Banking Supervision to block elements of upcoming revisions torules governing how banks measure risk. Even if the Committee were to approvesuch changes, the European Commission would refuse to implement them if theyboosted capital requirements, one of its vice presidents, Valdis Dombrovskis,said Sept. 29, in the most explicit public statement of European resistance tothe proposals so far.

Europeis putting its foot down as it struggles with the challenge of €360 billion inbad loans in Italy alone, and as negative rates squeeze banks' margins acrossthe continent. Fears over Deutsche Bank's capital levels as it faces a possible $14 billion U.S.fine — equivalent to 90% of its current market capitalization — have promptedtalk that the German government might be forced to buy shares.

Widelybut unofficially referred to as "Basel IV," the package of measuresaims to reduce the variability between different lenders' calculations of theriskiness of their loans and other assets, in what would be the final touchesto Basel III reforms that have bolstered banks' capital since the financial crisis.Proposals include changes to rules governing in-house mathematical models usedby bigger banks to calculate risk, and limiting the amount they can vary fromoff-the-shelf standard models, which are also set to be adjusted.

Seniorglobal regulators say the changes would not add "significantly" tocapital charges, although banks whose models vary greatly from average riskcalculations would be hit harder. Bankers, however, are nervous, with KPMGcalculating a €350 billion increase to international banks' capitalrequirements.

"Regulatorsin Europe have been quite clear recently and quite keen to go out and say thatthe expectation is that the risk weights, and the capital amount for thesystem, is not going to significantly increase," said Laurent Frings, ?global head of creditresearch at Aberdeen Asset Management.

"Pushingthe risk weights higher is going to make the problems they're facing with theeconomy and providing credit to the real economy much more difficult, and westill have specific issues in Germany and Italy," he said in an interview,noting that while U.S. officials argue for tougher rules, their banking systemis structurally different to Europe's.

Hardening stance

Europeanbanks' relatively low risk weights reflect their larger share of corporatefinance than that of banks in the U.S., with its bigger bond markets. Europeanlenders also largely retain mortgages on their own books, whereas U.S. bankssell theirs to state-sponsored Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac.

WithEurope massing the ranks against Basel IV, a deal may now be impossible, Fringssaid, and if one were to be reached, any resulting increases in risk-weightedassets would likely be mitigated by measures such as allowing bank-specificPillar 2 capital requirements to be counted toward minimum regulatory ratios.

Althoughsecurities held by banks for trading may see increased risk weights, moves torestrict the use of banks' own proprietary models are set to be watered down,said Patricia Jackson, a senior adviser at EY who previously served on thecommittee and as head of the Bank of England's financial industry andregulation division. Boosting risk weights on corporate loans andrelatively safe mortgage lending would tend to push banks into riskier activityto maximize returns on capital, as happened under the old Basel I regime,helping to cause the financial crisis, Jackson added in an interview.

Attention on NPLs, Deutsche

Justas they head off higher capital demands, European officials are alsoincreasingly aware of the need to clean up banks' balance sheets. Governmentscould consider using public funds to buy NPLs, European Banking AuthorityChairman Andrea Enria said Sept. 28, warning that without swift action, Europerisks a Japan-style, prolonged slump.  

"Politiciansand the commission need to look at what is going to enable Europe to bounceback and grow," said Jackson, adding that this included putting brakes onBasel IV and cleaning up NPLs.

Europe'shardening stance against Basel IV also comes as Deutsche Bank — named theworld's riskiest by the IMF — is under renewed market attack. Its sharestumbled again Sept. 30, before rebounding after an AFP reportthat the bank was near a $5.4 billion settlement with the U.S. Department ofJustice. A fine booked within 2016 would sap Deutsche's CET1 capital ratio,which stood at 10.8% at the end of June, and could endanger interest paymentson Additional Tier 1 "CoCo" bonds.

Litigationcosts may force a rights issue, which some analysts have speculated thegovernment may have to support amid concerns over the bank's ability to makelong-term returns. Weakened by low margins and sluggish investment banking,Deutsche's profits slumped 98% in the second quarter, but its capital ratiosare above regulatory minima and its liquidity ratio of 124% means that it hassufficient funds to cover its needs for some time even if funding dries up.

In amessage to employees Sept. 30, Deutsche CEO John Cryan said "forces in themarket" were trying to undermine trust in the bank.


Listen: Street Talk Episode 40 - Digital Banks Take a Page Out of 'Mad Men'

Mar. 20 2019 — Some fintech companies are making hay with digital platforms that tout their differences with banks, even though they are often offering virtually the same products. In the episode, we discuss with colleagues Rachel Stone and Kiah Haslett the deposit strategies employed by the likes of Chime, Aspiration and other incumbent players such as Ally Financial, Discover and Capital One. Those efforts conjure up memories of a Don Draper pitch in Mad Men and likely will enjoy continued success.

Learn more about Market Intelligence
Request Demo

No content (including ratings, credit-related analyses and data, valuations, model, software or other application or output therefrom) or any part thereof (Content) may be modified, reverse engineered, reproduced or distributed in any form by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior written permission of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC or its affiliates (collectively, S&P).


Technology, Media & Telecom
Broadband Only Homes Skyrocket In 2018 Validating Top MSOs Connectivity Pivot

Highlights

The segment stood at an estimated 23.6 million as of Dec. 31, 2018, accounting for 24% of all wireline high-speed data homes.

The following post comes from Kagan, a research group within S&P Global Market Intelligence.

To learn more about our TMT (Technology, Media & Telecommunications) products and/or research, please request a demo.

Mar. 20 2019 — The U.S. broadband-only home segment logged its largest net adds on record in 2018, validating Comcast Corp.'s and Charter Communications Inc.'s moves to make broadband, or connectivity, the keystone of their cable communication businesses.

The size and momentum of the segment also put in perspective the recent high-profile online-video video announcements by the top two cable operators as well as AT&T Inc.'s WarnerMedia shake-up and plans to go toe-to-toe with Netflix in the subscription video-on-demand arena in the next 12 months.

We estimate that wireline broadband households not subscribing to traditional multichannel, or broadband-only homes, rose by nearly 4.3 million in 2018, topping the gains from the previous year by roughly 22%. Overall, the segment stood at an estimated 23.6 million as of Dec. 31, 2018, accounting for 24% of all wireline high-speed data homes.

For perspective, broadband-only homes stood at an estimated 11.3 million a mere four years ago, accounting for 13% of residential cable and telco broadband subscribers.

The once all-powerful, must-have live linear TV model, which individuals and families essentially treated as a utility upon moving into a new residence, increasingly is viewed as too expensive and unwieldy in the era of affordable, nimble internet-based video alternatives. This has resulted in a sizable drop in penetration of occupied households.

As a result, continued legacy cord cutting is baked in and broadband-only homes are expected to continue to rise at a fast clip, with the segment's momentum in the next few years compounded by Comcast's, Charter's and AT&T's ambitious moves into online-video territory.

Note: we revised historical broadband-only home estimates as part of our fourth-quarter 2018, following restatements of historical telco broadband subscriber figures and residential traditional multichannel subscriber adjustments.

Learn more about Market Intelligence
Request Demo

Q4'18 multichannel video losses propel full-year drop to edge of 4 million

Learn more

Q4'18 multiproduct analysis sheds more light on video's fall from grace

Learn more

Watch: Power Forecast Briefing: As retirements accelerate, can renewable energy fill the gap?

Mar. 19 2019 — Steve Piper shares the outlook for U.S. power markets, discussing capacity retirements and whether continued development of wind and solar power plants may mitigate the generation shortfall.

Learn more about Market Intelligence
Request Demo

Credit Analysis
2019 Credit Risk Perspectives: Is The Credit Cycle Turning? A Fundamentals View

Mar. 15 2019 — On November 20, 2018, a joint event hosted by S&P Global Market Intelligence and S&P Global Ratings took place in London, focusing on credit risk and 2019 perspectives.

Pascal Hartwig, Credit Product Specialist, and I provided a review of the latest trends observed across non-financial corporate firms through the lens of S&P Global Market Intelligence’s statistical models.1 In particular, Pascal focused on the outputs produced by a statistical model that uses market information to estimate credit risk of public companies; if you want to know more, you can visit here.

I focused on an analysis of how different Brexit scenarios may impact the credit risk of European Union (EU) private companies that are included on S&P Capital IQ platform.

Before, this, I looked at the evolution of their credit risk profile from 2013 to 2017, as shown in Figure 1. Scores were generated via Credit Analytics’ PD Model Fundamentals Private, a statistical model that uses company financials and other socio-economic factors to estimate the PD of private companies globally. Credit scores are mapped to PD values, which are based on/derived from S&P Global Ratings Observed Default Rates.

Figure 1: EU private company scores generated by PD Model Fundamentals Private, between 2013 and 2017.

Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence.2 As of October 2018.

For any given year, the distribution of credit scores of EU private companies is concentrated below the ‘a’ level, due to the large number of small revenue and unrated firms on the S&P Capital IQ platform. An overall improvement of the risk profile is visible, with the score distribution moving leftwards between 2013 and 2017. A similar picture is visible when comparing companies by country or industry sector,3 confirming that there were no clear signs of a turning point in the credit cycle of private companies in any EU country or industry sector. However, this view is backward looking and does not take into account the potential effects of an imminent and major political and economic event in the (short) history of the EU: Brexit.

To this purpose, S&P Global Market Intelligence has developed a statistical model: the Credit Analytics Macro-scenario model enables users to study how potential future macroeconomic scenarios may affect the evolution of the credit risk profile of EU private companies. This model was developed by looking at the historical evolution of S&P Global Ratings’ rated companies under different macroeconomic conditions, and can be applied to smaller companies after the PD is mapped to a S&P Global Market Intelligence credit score.

“Soft Brexit” (Figure 2): This scenario is based on the baseline forecast made by economists at S&P Global Ratings and is characterized by a gentle slow-down of economic growth, a progressive monetary policy tightening, and low yet volatile stock-market growth.4

Figure 2: “Soft Brexit” macro scenario.5

Source: S&P Global Ratings Economists. As of October 2018.

Applying the Macro-scenario model, we analyze the evolution of the credit risk profile of EU companies over a three-year period from 2018 to 2020, by industry sector and by country:

  • Sector Analysis (Figure 3):
    • The median credit risk score within specific industry sectors (Aerospace & Defense, Pharmaceuticals, Telecoms, Utilities, and Real Estate) shows a good degree of resilience, rising by less than half a notch by 2020 and remaining comfortably below the ‘b+’ threshold.
    • The median credit score of the Retail and Consumer Products sectors, however, is severely impacted, breaching the high risk threshold (here defined at the ‘b-’ level).
    • The remaining industry sectors show various dynamics, but essentially remain within the intermediate risk band (here defined between the ‘b+’ and the ‘b-’ level).

Figure 3: “Soft Brexit” impact on the median credit risk level of EU private companies, by industry.

Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence. As of October 2018.

  • Country Analysis (Figure 4):
    • Although the median credit risk score may not change significantly in certain countries, the associated default rates need to be adjusted for the impact of the credit cycle.6 The “spider-web plot” shows the median PD values for private companies within EU countries, adjusted for the credit cycle. Here we include only countries with a minimum number of private companies within the Credit Analytics pre-scored database, to ensure a robust statistical analysis.
    • Countries are ordered by increasing level of median PD, moving clock-wise from Netherlands to Greece.
    • Under a soft Brexit scenario, the PD of UK private companies increases between 2018 and 2020, but still remains below the yellow threshold (corresponding to a ‘b+’ level).
    • Interestingly, Italian private companies suffer more than their Spanish peers, albeit starting from a slightly lower PD level in 2017.

Figure 4: “Soft Brexit” impact on the median credit risk level of EU private companies, by country.

Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence. As of October 2018.

“Hard Brexit” (Figure 5): This scenario is extracted from the 2018 Stress-Testing exercise of the European Banking Authority (EBA) and the Bank of England.7 Under this scenario, both the EU and UK may go into a recession similar to the 2008 global crisis. Arguably, this may seem a harsh scenario for the whole of the EU, but a recent report by the Bank of England warned that a disorderly Brexit may trigger a UK crisis worse than 2008.8

Figure 5: “Hard Brexit” macro scenario.9

Sources:”2018 EU-wide stress test – methodological note” (European Banking Authority, November 2017) and “Stress Testing the UK Banking system: 2018 guidance for participating banks and building societies“ (Bank of England, March 2018).

Also in this case, we apply the Macro-scenario model to analyze the evolution of the credit risk profile of EU companies over the same three-year period, by industry sector and by country:

  • Sector Analysis (Figure 6):
    • Despite all industry sectors being severely impacted, the Pharmaceuticals and Utilities sectors remain below the ‘b+’ level (yellow threshold).
    • Conversely, the Airlines and Energy sectors join Retail and Consumer Products in the “danger zone” above the ‘b-’ level (red threshold).
    • The remaining industry sectors will either move into or remain within the intermediate risk band (here defined between the ‘b+’ and the ‘b-’ level).

Figure 6: “Hard Brexit” impact on the median credit risk level of EU private companies, by industry.

Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence. As of October 2018.

Learn more about Credit Analysis
Click Here

  • Country Analysis (Figure 7):
    • Under a hard Brexit scenario, the PD of UK private companies increases between 2017 and 2020, entering the intermediate risk band and suffering even more than its Irish peers.
    • Notably, by 2020 the French private sector may suffer more than the Italian private sector, reaching the attention threshold (here shown as a red circle, and corresponding to a ‘b-’ level).
    • While it is hard to do an exact like-for-like comparison, it is worth noting that our conclusions are broadly aligned with the findings from the 48 banks participating in the 2018 stress-testing exercise, as recently published by the EBA:10 the major share of 2018-2020 new credit risk losses in the stressed scenario will concentrate among counterparties in the UK, Italy, France, Spain, and Germany (leaving aside the usual suspects, such as Greece, Portugal, etc.).

Figure 7: “Hard Brexit” impact on the median credit risk level of EU private companies, by country.

Source: S&P Global Market Intelligence. As of October 2018.

In conclusion: In Europe, the private companies’ credit risk landscape does not yet signal a distinct turning point, however Brexit may act as a pivot point and a catalyst for a credit cycle inversion, with an intensity that will be dependent on the Brexit type of landing (i.e., soft versus hard).

1 S&P Global Ratings does not contribute to or participate in the creation of credit scores generated by S&P Global Market Intelligence.
2 Lowercase nomenclature is used to differentiate S&P Global Market Intelligence credit scores from the credit ratings issued by S&P Global Ratings.
3 Not shown here.
4 Measured via Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Growth, Long-term / Short-term (L/S) European Central Bank Interest Rate Spread, and FTSE100 or STOXX50 stock market growth, respectively.
5 Macroeconomic forecast for 2018-2020 (end of year) by economists at S&P Global Ratings; the baseline case assumes the UK and the EU will reach a Brexit deal (e.g. a “soft Brexit”).
6 When the credit cycle deteriorates (improves), default rates are expected to increase (decrease).
7 Source: “2018 EU-wide stress test – methodological note” (EBA, November 2017) and “Stress Testing the UK Banking system: 2018 guidance for participating banks and building societies”. (Bank of England, March 2018).
8 Source: “EU withdrawal scenarios and monetary and financial stability – A response to the House of Commons Treasury Committee”. (Bank of England, November 2018).
9 As a hard Brexit scenario, we adopt the stressed scenario included in the 2018 stress testing exercise and defined by the EBA and the Bank of England.
10 See, for example, Figure 18 in “2018 EU-Wide Stress Test Result” (EBA November 2018), found at:https://eba.europa.eu/documents/10180/2419200/2018-EU-wide-stress-test-Results.pdf

Learn more about Market Intelligence
Request Demo

2019 Credit Risk Perspectives: Is The Credit Cycle Turning? A Market-Driven View

Learn More