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Sustainable Finance

S&P Global Ratings anticipates global sustainable debt issuance will surpass $1 trillion in 2021. This comes after green bonds grew from virtually nothing in 2012 to $282.05 billion in 2020 and social bond issuance surged during the COVID-19 crisis.

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Cultivate a deeper understanding of global events and market dynamics from all angles with Markets in Motion from S&P Global. Our weekly newsletter features macro and micro perspectives of the issues driving markets and the global economy, shaped by the news and insights produced across S&P Global's peerless research teams.

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December 29, 2021
Understanding Voluntary Carbon Markets

This year, a surge of global market participants are entering the world of carbon finance. Companies are looking to neutralize much of their emissions by buying carbon offsets, or credits generated by projects that reduce carbon emissions elsewhere. The sustainable finance instruments emphasize avoiding nature loss like deforestation; improving nature-based sequestration, including reforestation; avoiding emissions, including methane from cows and landfills; and the direct removal of CO2 from the atmosphere through carbon capture and other means. As key markets emerge worldwide, China recently launched its long-awaited national carbon market, the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission has explored the impact of regional carbon markets in the country, and the E.U.’s carbon market has been considered critical to its net-zero goals.

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