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OPEC slashes 2020 global oil demand forecast, but still sees slight growth


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OPEC slashes 2020 global oil demand forecast, but still sees slight growth

  • Autor/a
  • Herman Wang
  • Editor/a
  • Alisdair Bowles
  • Materia prima
  • Gas natural Petróleo

London — OPEC still sees a rise in global crude oil demand for 2020 despite the spread of the coronavirus, but now expects an increase of just 60,000 b/d, it said Thursday.

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That is 920,000 b/d less than it forecast last month, the organization said in its first analysis of 2020 market fundamentals since its ministerial summit last week with Russia and other key producers broke down, resulting in an escalating price war.

The projection, contained in OPEC's closely watched monthly oil market report, follows the International Energy Agency's analysis released Monday that forecast a contraction in global demand for 2020 of 90,000 b/d -- which would be the first shrinkage in consumption since the financial crisis in 2009.

OPEC estimated that total global oil demand will come in at 99.73 million b/d in 2020, with the second half of the year expected to see higher consumption than the first half.

"Considering the latest developments, downward risks currently outweigh any positive indicators and suggest further likely downward revisions in oil demand growth, should the current status persist," it said.

Crude production from outside of OPEC will rise by 1.76 million b/d year-on-year to 66.75 million b/d in 2020, the report said.

With OPEC expected to produce 4.83 million b/d of NGLs in 2020, the so-called call on OPEC crude will average 28.18 million b/d, the report estimated.

That is 1.7 million b/d lower than last year, but above the 27.77 million b/d that OPEC pumped in February, according to the secondary sources used by the organization to track output. The February figure is the lowest level that OPEC has produced since January 2004.

Key members Saudi Arabia and the UAE have announced in the past few days plans to significantly ramp up their crude supplies to the market in April, once the OPEC+ alliance's production quotas expire at the end of March.

Russia, the main non-OPEC partner in the coalition, has also said it could raise its output by 200,000 to 300,000 b/d in the short-term.

The expected flood of supplies has tanked oil prices -- which OPEC lamented in its report.

"The recent decline in oil price could not have happened at a worse time, as the COVID-19 outbreak has wiped out global oil demand growth for 2020 and caused a strong negative global economic impact, which is expected to continue and worsen if the virus is not controlled," it said.

But it warned that high-priced production in unconventional reservoirs, in countries such as the US and Canada, would see their output impacted the most.