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FAQ: S&P PACT™ Indices (S&P Paris-Aligned & Climate Transition Indices)

Regional Relevancy of S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average Futures in Asia

The S&P/B3 Ingenius Index: Bringing Global Innovation to the Brazilian Market

Net Zero and Broad ESG in One Index

ETFs Turn 20 in Australia: How the S&P/ASX Series Propelled the Growth of Index Investing

FAQ: S&P PACT™ Indices (S&P Paris-Aligned & Climate Transition Indices)

COMPANY BACKGROUND

  1. Who is S&P Dow Jones Indices?  S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) is the largest global resource for essential index-based concepts, data, and research, and is home to iconic financial market indicators, such as the S&P 500® and the Dow Jones Industrial Average®.  More assets are invested in products based on our indices than products based on indices from any other provider in the world.  Since Charles Dow invented the first index in 1884, S&P DJI has been innovating and developing indices across the spectrum of asset classes, helping to define the way investors measure and trade the markets.

  1. Who is S&P Global Trucost?  S&P Global Trucost is a leader in carbon and environmental data and risk analysis and assesses risks relating to climate change, natural resource constraints, and broader environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors.

    S&P DJI and S&P Global Trucost have a long history of collaboration since launching the first S&P Carbon Efficient Index Series in 2009.  Trucost was acquired by S&P Global in 2016.

S&P Paris-Aligned & Climate Transition Indices

  1. What are the S&P PACT Indices?  The indices are designed to measure the performance of eligible equity securities from an underlying benchmark index, selected and weighted to be collectively compatible with a 1.5ºC global warming climate scenario and to meet several other climate-themed objectives at the index level, as of each rebalance.  PA and CT stand for the S&P Paris-Aligned Climate Indices and S&P Climate Transition Indices, respectively.
  1. Why were the S&P PACT Indices created? The indices aim to incorporate: (a) factors that seek to manage transition risk, physical risk, and climate change opportunities, as proposed by the Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosure (TCFD);(b) the minimum standards for the EU Climate Transition Benchmarks (CTBs) and EU Paris-aligned Benchmarks (PABs), as proposed by the Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance (TEG) in its final report of September 2019; and (c) forward-looking scenario analysis.  The final delegated acts were published on Dec. 23, 2020.

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Regional Relevancy of S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average Futures in Asia

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Tianyin Cheng

Senior Director, Strategy Indices

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Izzy Wang

Analyst, Strategy Indices

Global markets are increasingly integrated, driven by the diversified global supply chain, deregulation of capital markets, and technological advances. The interconnection of global markets has been the key driver for co-movement of market returns, especially during periods of crisis. This has important consequences in terms of portfolio hedging and risk management.

Meanwhile, with the continued growth in exchange-traded derivatives supported by the need for increased price transparency and liquidity, investors have sought to efficiently integrate listed derivatives into their portfolios.

This paper presents the regional relevancy of S&P 500 and Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) futures for hedging and risk management use by Asian investors.  While the ecosystem around the S&P 500 and DJIA covers multiple areas, including trading of options, ETFs, mutual funds, etc., we are only capturing part of the complexity of Asian trading by limiting the study scope to futures.  We evaluate the usefulness of those instruments through the following metrics.

  • Liquidity: As shown by aggregate U.S. dollar notional total value traded for the futures contracts on the two U.S. benchmarks during Asian trading hours.
  • Co-movements of markets: As measured by correlations between the two U.S. benchmarks and seven major Asian market benchmarks, based on daily returns of the futures prices at Asian end of day.
  • Flexibility: As indicated by contract size and trading hours of the futures on the two U.S. benchmarks versus other major Asian market benchmarks.

The results suggested certain benefits of trading U.S. benchmarks in Asia, providing a new perspective on the use of index derivatives to meet the needs of Asian investors.

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The S&P/B3 Ingenius Index: Bringing Global Innovation to the Brazilian Market

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Silvia Kitchener

Director, Global Equity Indices, Latin America

INTRODUCTION

Over the past five years, the world witnessed the dramatic rise in the market capitalization of technology-driven companies like Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Netflix, and Google (now Alphabet), collectively known as the FAANG stocks. The growth rates of these stocks over the past five years have been quite remarkable, with the average price change exceeding 250% and outperforming the S&P 500® by 15.5% (see Exhibit 1).

On May 11, 2020, S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) and B3 introduced the S&P/B3 Ingenius Index to the Brazilian market. The index seeks to measure the performance of global companies creating many of the innovative products and services that permeate today’s modern world and are transforming almost every aspect of daily life, including the way we communicate, work, entertain, and shop, and nearly everything in between.
By launching the S&P/B3 Ingenius Index, S&P DJI is providing an index that is designed to measure the performance of 15 innovative global companies trading on B3 as Brazilian Depositary Receipts (BDRs), giving local investors access to foreign securities.

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Net Zero and Broad ESG in One Index

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Ben Leale-Green

Senior Analyst, Research & Design, ESG Indices

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • The S&P PACT Indices now use the S&P DJI ESG Scores, exclude companies based on more business activities, and include a buffer rule and revised stock cap.
  • The changes mean that choosing between a broad ESG index and a net zero/1.5°C-aligned index is no longer necessary.
  • The S&P 500 PACT Indices show excess return historically, which can be largely explained by factor and sector exposures.

INTRODUCTION

Over the year since the launch of the S&P PACT Indices, the market has pushed for an index methodology evolution: the addition of an S&P DJI ESG Score improvement, further exclusions, a buffer rule, and revised stock capping (see Exhibit 1).  The series comprises two types of indices: the S&P Climate Transition (CT) Indices and their more ambitious cousins, the S&P Paris-Aligned (PA) Indices.  Both of these index series are aligned with the EU’s minimum standards for low carbon benchmarks under the EU Benchmark Regulation, which follow a 1.5°C scenario toward net zero by 2050, thus the name change to include “Net Zero 2050.”  These methodology changes mean investors no longer need to choose between broad ESG indices and net zero/1.5°C-compatible indices—a first for the market.

In this paper, we outline how these methodology enhancements modify the index composition and the differences between the S&P CT and PA Indices, compare to the previous methodology, and provide a brief analysis of exposures and historical performance.

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ETFs Turn 20 in Australia: How the S&P/ASX Series Propelled the Growth of Index Investing

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Michael Orzano

Senior Director, Global Equity Indices

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Ryan Christianson

Associate Director, APAC Lead, ESG Indices

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Sherifa Issifu

Associate, Index Investment Strategy

Since its debut in April 2000, the S&P/ASX Index Series has helped to define the Australian equity market. As Australia’s most widely followed market indicator, the S&P/ASX 200 serves as the de facto measure of the value and performance of the nation’s stock market. Market peaks and valleys are defined by the level of the S&P/ASX 200.

 

Beyond the headlines, however, the index series serves an integral role in Australia’s investment infrastructure. For example, the fund  anagement industry utilizes the S&P/ASX 200 and other S&P/ASX Indices to serve as the investable universe for active investment strategies and to benchmark fund performance. Likewise, asset owners, such as superannuation funds, use S&P/ASX Indices to benchmark their domestic
portfolios. With an estimated AUD 319 billion1 in Australian equity funds benchmarked to S&P/ASX Indices, the series represents by far the most widely used benchmarks for Australian investment funds.

Perhaps most importantly, the S&P/ASX Index Series has served as the foundation for the growth of indexbased investing in Australia, including
the nation’s first exchange-traded fund (ETF). The deep ecosystem of liquid financial products tracking key S&P/ASX Indices allows active and passive investors to express investment views in an efficient manner. S&P Indices Versus Active (SPIVA®) research has also shined a light on the inability of most Australian fund managers to beat their benchmarks, further highlighting the benefits of passive investing. As has occurred in other parts of the world, the growth of index investing has democratized investment solutions that were previously only available to large institutions and lowered the cost of investing for millions of Australians.

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