In This List

FA Talks: A Practitioner’s Guide to Accessing Next Gen Sectors with AI

TalkingPoints: Exploring Fixed Income in Africa

FAQ: S&P PACT™ : S&P Paris-Aligned & Climate Transition Indices.

Understanding the S&P Managed Risk 2.0 Indices

Marking 20 Years of the S&P/ASX Index Series: A Look Back at the Growth of Index-Based Investing in Australia

FA Talks: A Practitioner’s Guide to Accessing Next Gen Sectors with AI

FA Talks is an interview series where industry thinkers share their thoughts and perspectives on a variety of market trends and themes impacting indexing.

How are financial advisors with an eye on the future using future-based tools to meet client goals today? 21st century sectors represent the foundation of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The S&P Kensho New Economy Indices are designed to track emerging technologies that are reshaping traditional industries and driving this seismic shift. Lisa and Mark Bova of Lenity Financial see Financial Services as one of the industries at the forefront of these changes.

S&P DJI: How do you manage portfolios today at Lenity Financial?

Lisa: We utilize goals-based investing and use a tactical approach. One of the first questions we ask is about a client’s past experience with money, which includes long-term insights—meaning what they did or didn’t learn from their family. Based on their history, comfort level with risk, and their near-term needs and long-term goals, we work with our clients to determine their “risk budget,” which essentially defines how hard or not their money needs to work for them in order for them to reach their goals. Overall, we manage tactically. We can be overweight, underweight, or neutral on an asset class, segment of the market, or even risk. It all depends on the goals and risk budget of the individual client.

S&P DJI: Why was it important to you to find a passive solution using Artificial Intelligence to help meet clients’ needs?

Mark: In today’s markets, there is so much data and the market moves so quickly that we needed a way to effectively and efficiently process the constant stream of information. We were looking for a way to employ AI in our process and we found the S&P Kensho New Economy Indices. Kensho has a meaning—it is an initial insight or awakening. In what is believed by many to be the beginning of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, having the S&P Kensho New Economies in our toolkit made sense. We’re futurists and we see financial professionals working with machines as the way forward. Data is a critical component to AI. There has been so much data collected in the past several years, and S&P DJI has been one of the most pervasive providers of data for decades. Think of it, Henry Varnum Poor published An Investor’s Guide to the U.S. Railroad Industry in 1860. So, the ability to access the powerful combination of data and cutting-edge AI through the S&P Kensho New Economy Indices was a perfect fit for us.


TalkingPoints: Exploring Fixed Income in Africa

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Kevin Horan

Director, Fixed Income Indices

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Zack Bezuidenhoudt

Head of Client Coverage, South Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa

S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) made a commitment in 2014 to expand its fixed income coverage to Africa. The index development process started with a series of sovereign bond indices designed to represent and measure performance within the region. The S&P Africa Sovereign Bond Index seeks to track the performance of local currency-denominated sovereign bonds from 13 countries within Africa. The index series also includes a benchmark of  hard currency bonds issued in U.S. dollars, euros, and Japanese  yen, as represented by the S&P Africa Hard Currency Sovereign  Bond Index.

As a subindex of the S&P Africa Sovereign Bond Index, the S&P South Africa Sovereign Bond Index is designed to track the performance of ZAR-denominated sovereign debt publicly issued by the South African government.

S&P DJI also developed the S&P South Africa Sovereign Inflation-Linked Bond Index, which is a subindex of the S&P Global Emerging Sovereign Inflation-Linked Bond Index.

    What details are available for these indices?

S&P DJI builds indices with transparency in mind. These indices aim to make opaque fixed income information more transparent by providing bond-level information in addition to the index-level performance measurements. Our reports are informative, insightful, and organized in order to provide efficiency, in addition to being a tool for investment performance measurement.

The S&P South Africa Sovereign Bond Index

The S&P South Africa Sovereign Bond Index seeks to track the performance of South African rand-denominated sovereign debt publicly issued by the government of South Africa in its domestic market.


FAQ: S&P PACT™ : S&P Paris-Aligned & Climate Transition Indices.


  1. Who is S&P Dow Jones Indices?  S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) is the largest global resource for essential index-based concepts, data, and research, and is home to iconic financial market indicators, such as the S&P 500® and the Dow Jones Industrial Average®.  More assets are invested in products based on our indices than products based on indices from any other provider in the world.  Since Charles Dow invented the first index in 1884, S&P DJI has been innovating and developing indices across the spectrum of asset classes, helping to define the way investors measure and trade the markets.

  1. Who is Trucost?  Trucost, a part of S&P Global, is a leader in carbon and environmental data and risk analysis and assesses risks relating to climate change, natural resource constraints, and broader environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors.

    S&P DJI and Trucost have a long history of collaboration since launching the first S&P Carbon Efficient Index Series in 2009.  Trucost was acquired by S&P Global in 2016.


  1. What are the S&P Paris-Aligned & Climate Transition (PACT) Indices?  The indices measure the performance of eligible equity securities from an underlying benchmark index, selected and weighted to be collectively compatible with a 1.5ºC global warming climate scenario and to meet several other climate-themed objectives at the index level, as at each rebalance.  PA and CT stand for the S&P Paris-Aligned Climate Indices and S&P Climate Transition Indices, respectively.
  1. Why were the S&P PACT Indices created? The indices aim to incorporate: (a) factors that seek to manage transition risk, physical risk, and climate change opportunities, as proposed by the Financial Stability Board’s Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosure (TCFD)[1]; (b) the minimum standards for the EU Climate Transition Benchmarks (CTBs) and EU Paris-aligned Benchmarks (PABs), as proposed by the Technical Expert Group on Sustainable Finance (TEG) in its final report[2] of September 2019; and (c) forward-looking scenario analysis.

    Note the proposals submitted by the TEG in the final report will serve as the basis for the European Commission to draft the delegated acts and therefore are subject to change.  As of the date of publication of this FAQ (April 2020), the European Commission had not published the final delegated acts. 


Understanding the S&P Managed Risk 2.0 Indices

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Tianyin Cheng

Senior Director, Strategy Indices


S&P Dow Jones Indices, in collaboration with Milliman, introduced the S&P Managed Risk 2.0 Indices, which seek to provide core equity strategies with an embedded risk management feature.  The key features of this strategy are the following.

  1. The cost of the protection embedded in the strategy is stable and is financed through a reserve asset, the S&P U.S. Treasury Bond Current 5-Year Index. During times when equity markets are under stress, the correlation effects between equities and the reserve asset class have historically provided a counterbalance through positive returns.  This is in contrast to strategies that use cash, which do not provide that benefit.
  2. Since protection is available, the strategy may provide the ability to participate more in the upside while keeping the overall risk at a low level. This shows up in the higher upside capture and similar or better downside capture than other risk management strategies.

Before diving into the details of the construction and performance of the strategy, it is helpful to consider why this strategy has been developed and the potential benefits it can provide.


Many readers may be familiar with risk control strategies.[1]  These strategies, which can use a single asset or multiple assets, dynamically adjust the exposure of a risky asset to target a predefined volatility level.  They became popular as a solution to reduce risk while retaining much of the gains to be had from “risky” assets like equities.

However, risk control strategies have some major limitations.They transform the distribution of investment outcomes in a linear and symmetric way, meaning that downside could be significant, although reduced, during severe and sustained market declines. 

Therefore, a number of managed risk strategies[2] have been created recently to improve the traditional risk control framework.  These strategies add an additional layer of risk management using a synthetic put hedge, seeking to stabilize volatility around a target level and, on top that, defend against losses during sustained market declines.

Note that this protection comes with a cost.  Although options on broad market indices are usually expensive, put option replication in the presence of volatility management tends to have lower and more stable performance costs. Therefore, these strategies enable more upside participation compared with the traditional risk control strategies. 


Marking 20 Years of the S&P/ASX Index Series: A Look Back at the Growth of Index-Based Investing in Australia

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Michael Orzano

Senior Director, Global Equity Indices

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Sherifa Issifu

Analyst, Index Investment Strategy

A Look Back at the Growth of Index-Based Investing in Australia

Since its debut in April 2000, the S&P/ASX Index Series has helped to define the Australian equity market. As Australia’s most widely followed market indicator, the S&P/ASX 200 serves as the de facto measure of the value and performance of the nation’s stock market. Market peaks and valleys are defined by the level of the S&P/ASX 200.

Beyond the headlines, however, the index series serves an integral role in Australia’s investment infrastructure. For example, the fund management industry utilizes the S&P/ASX 200 and other S&P/ASX Indices to serve as the investable universe for active investment strategies and to benchmark fund performance. Likewise, asset owners, such as superannuation funds, use S&P/ASX Indices to benchmark their domestic portfolios. With an estimated AUD 309 billion of Australian equity funds benchmarked to S&P/ASX Indices, the series represents by far the most widely used benchmarks for Australian investment funds.

Perhaps most importantly, the S&P/ASX Index Series served as the foundation for the growth of index-based investing in Australia. The deep ecosystem of liquid financial products tracking key S&P/ASX Indices allows active and passive investors to express investment views in an efficient manner. S&P DJI’s SPIVA® research has also shined a light on the inability of most Australian fund managers to beat their benchmarks, further highlighting the benefits of passive investing. As has occurred in other parts of the world, the growth of index investing has democratized investment solutions that were previously only available to large institutions and lowered the cost of investing for millions of Australians.


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