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Tech M&A Outlook 2022: Another year for the ages?


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Tech M&A Outlook 2022: Another year for the ages?


Buoyed by record spending by every type of shopper, the value of tech deals announced last year topped the $1-trillion-dollar threshold for the first time in history, according to 451 Research's M&A KnowledgeBase. Hitting that previously unimaginable level – with spending measured out to 13 digits, an order of magnitude above the measly hundreds of billions of dollars – required acquirers to look through the (still-lingering) pandemic and pay valuations in 2021 that were more than twice as rich as any year in the M&A KnowledgeBase. They stepped up and did just that.

Recent Annual Tech M&A Activity

Increasingly confident vendors of all stripes, cash-rich buyout firms and even unproven-but-popular special purpose acquisition companies (SPACs) all came together to push the total value of 2021's tech transactions to $1.2 trillion. Our data shows that topped the total from the two previous years combined. In last year's record-shattering shopping spree, everyone was bidding high and bidding often.

  • Strategic acquirers: Public and private companies spent one-quarter more on tech deals in 2021 than any other year, including almost as many billion-dollar purchases as they printed, collectively, in 2019 and 2020. (To be clear, that tally excludes any transactions by SPACs.) Last year's record spending by this group featured the largest-ever acquisitions by tech industry mainstays such as Oracle, Intuit, and Square.
  • Private equity: More funds with more money meant a record number of deals at record prices for PE firms. Collectively, buyout shops and their portfolio companies announced almost 1,500 purchases, an unprecedented 34% of all tech transactions, according to the M&A KnowledgeBase. Spending soared along with that, with the value of deals announced by PE firms in 2021 doubling the average of the past half-decade.
  • SPACs: Despite falling in and out of favor in recent decades (as well as last year), SPACs emerged as a more viable exit option in 2021. Combining elements of both an IPO and M&A, blank-check companies found an unprecedented number of takers on both sides of the previously lightly used process. In terms of tech acquisitions, or 'de-SPAC' transactions, the M&A KnowledgeBase shows that more than 180 tech vendors announced reverse mergers last year, which is four times as many companies as the previous record year.

Recent Quarterly Tech M&A Activity

Not only was last year's activity consistent across all buying groups, it was also consistent throughout the year. The robust spending was sustained, without the peak-and-valley pattern typically seen in M&A markets.

Our data indicates that the aggregate value of tech deals topped $250bn in every single quarter of 2021. (There was a time – not too long ago – when a quarter-trillion dollars of M&A spending would have been a pretty big full-year total.)

All six of the largest spending quarters in the 20-year history of the M&A KnowledgeBase have come since mid-2020, when the world started its fitful recovery from the initial COVID-19 outbreak.

Where do we go from here?

Most of the trends that drove last year's record-smashing performance appear likely to continue in 2022. In a late-December survey by 451 Research of some of the tech industry's busiest buyers and their silver-tongued advisers, two-thirds of respondents forecast that this year would either match or even top the frenzied rate from 2021. This year is shaping up – once again – to be one for the ages.

Forecast Change in Tech M&A in 2022 vs. 2021

In our just-concluded 451 Research Tech M&A Outlook Survey, a plurality of respondents (41%) predicted that 2021's historic acquisition pace would continue in 2022, with the remaining M&A professionals roughly split on their outlook for the coming year. They were ever-so-slightly more likely to project a downtick in acquisitions (31%) in 2022 than a further increase (28%) from last year's blowout.

That narrowly negative view goes against the typical optimistic responses we have received in more than a decade of surveying tech M&A professionals. It isn't uncommon for twice (or even three times) as many of survey respondents to forecast an acceleration rather than a slowdown in the coming year.

Of course, none of those previous forecasts were coming after a year like we just had. And it's worth noting that the outlook for 2022 goes against the typical pattern. Historically, activity recedes after a surge. According to the M&A KnowledgeBase, the value of deals in the years immediately following previous records in 2007 and 2015 dropped 39% and 20%, respectively. Reversion to the mean can be a powerful force in markets. However, even that isn't enough to curtail tech's urge to merge in the coming year.

Tech M&A Outlook 2022: Another year for the ages?

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