In This List

FAQ: The S&P 500® LinkUp Jobs Indices

S&P MARC 5% Index

Factoring in Changing Market Conditions

TalkingPoints: Introducing the S&P Global SmallCap Select Index Series

The S&P/ASX 200 Dividend Points Indices

FAQ: The S&P 500® LinkUp Jobs Indices

  1. What are the S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Indices? The S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Indices are economic indicators of labor demand. Updated weekly, they are designed to measure changes in the global job listings posted by companies in the S&P 500 and its sectors, including subsidiaries.

The series includes the following indices:

Headline:

Sectors:

  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Energy Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Materials Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Industrials Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Consumer Discretionary Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Consumer Staples Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Health Care Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Financials Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Information Technology Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Communications Services Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Utilities Index
  • S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Real Estate Index

  1. Who is LinkUp? LinkUp is a data-driven job search company tracking job openings sourced directly from employer websites. LinkUp aggregates (“scrapes”) data on a daily basis directly from employer websites to track over 3.9 million jobs from over 50,000 companies.

For more information about LinkUp, please refer to their website at https://www.linkup.com/.

    1. How can the S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Indices be used? The purpose of these indices is to provide new insights into the S&P 500 and macroeconomic trends in the U.S. and the global market. Institutional and retail investors can use the indices to inform their investment decisions as they use other key economic indicators such as interest rates, gross domestic product, and the unemployment rate.
    2. How do these indices compare to other publicly available employment measures? Around a dozen private firms and government agencies provide U.S. labor market data. Some of these companies aggregate underlying job listing data while others develop labor market analytics through the use of survey or payroll data. The S&P 500 LinkUp Jobs Indices, however, represent a unique and valuable dataset relative to other employment measures.

Payroll and survey data focus on existing (filled) jobs and therefore tend to be backward looking. Other job listing datasets lack consistent, controlled collection and calculation processes and are subject to a range of issues including expired jobs, duplicate listings, and job board “pollution” such as scams, fraud, freelance postings, or expired or stale postings.

LinkUp’s job listings are sourced exclusively from company websites and refreshed daily, which mitigates collection and control issues and results in a more timely, forward-looking indicator than surveys or payrolls.

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S&P MARC 5% Index

Global capital markets are constantly fluctuating, so it’s crucial to mitigate the impact of unexpected dips. S&P Dow Jones Indices, the leading provider of market indices for use in insurance products, has created a diversified multi-asset index that uses an innovative design to manage market volatility.

The S&P MARC 5% (Multi-Asset Risk Control) Index seeks to provide multi-asset diversification within a simple risk weighting framework, tracking three underlying component indices that represent:

– Equities: S&P 500®

– Commodities: S&P GSCI Gold

– Fixed Income: S&P 10-Year U.S. Treasury Note Futures

How Does the S&P MARC 5% Index Work?

In low-volatility environments, the S&P MARC 5% Index risk control mechanism increases market exposure to riskier assets by increasing the allocation to the Index (up to a leveraged position of 150%).


Factoring in Changing Market Conditions

While factor risk premia are well-established tools for altering the risk/return characteristics of a portfolio, knowing which factor is best suited for a particular environment can prove challenging. Enter the S&P Economic Cycle Factor Rotator Index, a rules-based factor rotation strategy designed to adapt to changing market conditions based on key market signals.

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TalkingPoints: Introducing the S&P Global SmallCap Select Index Series

Contributor Image
Michael Orzano

Senior Director, Global Equity Indices

Could incorporating earnings quality and liquidity improve risk/return in small-cap equities?

  1. Why is the S&P Global SmallCap Select Index Series being introduced now?

Prior research has demonstrated that profitability matters for small-cap companies in the U.S.1 The S&P SmallCap 600®—which includes earnings eligibility criteria— has outperformed the broader Russell 2000 Index by 2% annualized since its inception 24 years ago. Our new S&P Global SmallCap Select Index Series extends our research to global equity markets where we have found that a similar effect exists. By screening out unprofitable small-cap companies from the benchmark, we can improve risk-adjusted returns, while introducing relatively minimal tracking error (see Exhibit 1).

2. What are the key benefits of the S&P Global SmallCap Select Index Series?

Improved Long-Term Total Returns: Excluding companies without a track record of generating positive earnings has historically led to improved long-term performance in global small-cap equities. The indices have typically outperformed in down cycles and underperformed slightly in up cycles.

Reduced Risk: The indices have provided a smoother ride in the small-cap space. Volatility, beta, and drawdowns have been lower relative to conventional small-cap benchmarks.

Low Tracking Error: The indices have historically had low tracking error relative to conventional small-cap benchmarks.

Enhanced Liquidity: By eliminating the 20% least liquid and 20% smallest securities in each country, the index liquidity profile is improved, without introducing any significant geographic biases.

3. What indices are included in the S&P Global SmallCap Select Index Series?

We currently offer the regional indices shown in Exhibit 2. However, we are continuing research on additional regional and country indices and can expand this concept to other markets based on client demand.

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The S&P/ASX 200 Dividend Points Indices

  1. What are “dividend points”? Index points refer to the level of an index. For example, if the S&P/ASX 200 is trading at 6,000, it is said to have a level of 6,000 points. Dividend points specifically refer to the level of index points that are directly attributable to the dividends of index constituents. 

  1. What’s the difference between dividend points indices and other types of indices, like price return and total return indices? Price return indices represent changes in the market capitalization of index constituents. They do not account for dividends. Total return indices reinvest dividends back into the index on the ex-date of each dividend paying constituent. Total return indices therefore represent changes in market capitalization plus reinvested dividends. Finally, dividend points indices track dividend payments in isolation, reflecting the periodic cumulative dividends of all index shares. They do not include any changes in market capitalization. 

One can think of the different types of indices as representing different investment strategies. Some market participants elect to reinvest dividends in the stocks they hold, and this strategy could be benchmarked with the S&P/ASX 200 (TR). On the other hand, some market participants hold stocks but do not reinvest dividends—electing instead to take dividends in cash as a source of income. This strategy could be benchmarked with a combination of the S&P/ASX 200 Price Return and the S&P/ASX 200 Dividend Points Indices. 

  1. Why are there dividend points indices? By offering an index that represents dividend payments of S&P/ASX 200 members, S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) allows market participants to track an important component of equity returns—independently of equity price changes. The index can also be used as a basis for financial products. 
  2. Can I invest in dividend points? No, not directly. Like other indices, it is not possible to invest directly in dividend points indices. 
  3. How many S&P/ASX 200 Dividend Points Indices are there? There is one index that resets quarterly and one that resets annually. They are called the S&P/ASX 200 Dividend Points Index (Quarterly) and the S&P/ASX 200 Dividend Points Index (Annual). 
  4. Why do the indices periodically reset to zero? The indices represent cumulative cash dividends paid over a defined period, either one quarter or one year. At the start of the next period, the indices are reset to zero so that they reflect dividends paid in discrete periods that coincide with the expiration of S&P/ASX 200 futures. Having the indices reset when futures expire is useful, because it enables the indices to potentially be used as the underlying benchmark for financial instruments that could be designed to hedge periodic dividend risk of index futures. 

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