Market Overview (2021-Present)
International investors have long viewed the Asian USD high yield credit bond market as an alternative investment universe to the traditional U.S. high yield market. As a result, the junk bond market has undergone considerable growth, with the total issuance increasing almost sixfold between 2012 and 2020.
However, the market has seen some turbulence in the past 12 to 18 months, largely due to its high exposure to the Chinese real estate market. In the past decade, Chinese real estate companies have issued large amounts of debt at a low borrowing cost to fund their operations. This changed when Chinese regulators imposed new rules to deleverage the financial system. Meanwhile, companies were unable to turn over their inventory effectively for cash, and a liquidity crisis in the sector began to emerge.
In September 2021, China Evergrande Group, the second-largest property developer in China by sales, missed coupon payments on its U.S. debt obligation. Since then, there has been a growing list of prominent names involved in the Chinese real estate sector crisis. The top five issuers by market value as of April 2021 in the iBoxx USD Asia ex-Japan China High Yield Real Estate2 have defaulted on their USD debt obligations in the past 12 months.
As of May 31, 2022, more than 12 distinct Chinese property issuers in the iBoxx USD Asia ex-Japan Corporates High Yield had missed payments on their U.S. debt, and the total amount of issuance removed from the index exceeded USD 35 billion.