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TalkingPoints: Measuring Social Media's Market Impact with the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series

FAQ: S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series

InsuranceTalks: A Robust Rotation Strategy Designed to Reflect Equity Market Dynamics

Why Index Construction Matters in Colombian Equity Benchmarks

InsuranceTalks: Exploring ESG Implementation in the Insurance Space

TalkingPoints: Measuring Social Media's Market Impact with the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series

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Therese Simberg

Director, Innovation and Strategy

Social media is a relevant aspect of community life around the world. So what happens when we measure that engagement through a financial markets lens? S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI) has launched its first indices that are designed to measure social media sentiment through the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series. Therese Simberg, Director, Innovation and Strategy at S&P DJI, discusses the creation of the indices and what they mean in the evolution of innovative indexing, as well as the more practical uses for investors on tracking social media sentiment.

  1. What drove the creation of this new index series?
    Over the last few years, social media has evolved in that more and more people are Tweeting about stocks and financial markets. This includes the financial community, such as traders, analysts, and investors, as well as the general public who want to express their opinions.

    As the technology has improved, these views and Tweeted opinions from this online community are now able to be analyzed; as a result, it is possible to interpret and try to understand what the market is saying about a specific company by aggregating an analysis of underlying Tweets containing $cashtags, which indicate that the Tweet is concerning a particular stock. Through artificial intelligence, a particular stock's Tweets can be analyzed to see whether the overall sentiment is, on balance, positive or negative based on the collective opinion as expressed through these Tweets. This analysis lends itself well to indexing, as we now have a way of classifying stocks and creating an index that reflects the opinions of the Twitter community.

    To summarize, the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Indices have been created to reflect the companies in the S&P 500 that have the most positive sentiment as indicated by the Twitter community. The indices include companies with positive sentiment relative to their peers.

  2. Why are you choosing to launch these indices now?
    Social media is transforming the way information is conveyed to investors, and it contains significant and differentiated information about individual stocks, as well as broad market information. Social media is unique in that it is a place for various market opinions to be combined into one public forum, including opinions from different types of participants like professional analysts, the media, investors, and the general public.

    Even though the impact of social media in the financial market is not a new phenomenon, more recently the world has seen high-profile situations that have clearly showcased that impact. The S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Indices aim to help investors gauge the impact of social media, albeit over a longer time period and across a more diversified set of equities than typical day trading.

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FAQ: S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series

  1. What is the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series? The S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series screens the S&P 500 through the use of sentiment scores derived from Tweets containing $cashtags that reference the equity symbols of S&P 500 index constituents. These Tweets are screened and scored via machine learning and natural language processing (NLP) to calculate a daily score for each stock in the S&P 500 and select the top constituents to include in each of the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Indices at monthly rebalance. For more information about the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Indices, please see the index methodology:
    https://www.spglobal.com/spdji/en/documents/methodologies/methodology-sp-twitter-sentiment-indices.pdf.

  2. Why was the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series created? The S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series was created to reflect the performance of the names with the most positive sentiment within the S&P 500 over a given period of time.

  1. What specific indices are included in the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index Series? As of Nov. 18, 2021, the index series consists of the following indices:

    S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Index: This index is designed to track the performance of the 200 constituents with the most positive sentiment from the S&P 500, which are weighted on a float-adjusted market capitalization (FMC) basis, with a 10% cap at rebalance.

    S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Select Equal Weight Index: This index is designed to track the performance of a selection of the 50 constituents with the most positive sentiment from the S&P 500, which have been equally weighted at rebalance.

    Note that in order to be considered for either index, each company must have a sufficient number of Tweets containing $cashtags that reference the equity symbol of the company over the last month (after filtering for spam has been applied) for that sentiment score to be considered robust enough for inclusion. The number of companies without sufficient Tweet volume may vary from month to month depending on market conditions. Both indices have a decay factor applied to their daily scores at rebalance in order to ensure the most recent information is given higher importance.

  2. What is Twitter’s role in the S&P 500 Twitter Sentiment Indices? S&P DJI teamed up Twitter to create this index. In addition to co-branding, Twitter supplies the data necessary to score the S&P 500 members' sentiment on a daily basis.
  3. How does the scoring of the S&P 500 constituents work? At each rebalancing, the index selects constituents from the S&P 500 universe that have the most positive sentiment over a fixed time period and have sufficient Tweet volume to be scored. Sentiment scores are derived from an analysis of a daily feed of Tweets containing $cashtags that reference the equity symbol of a company. Each stock is scored daily, and these stocks' scores are aggregated on a monthly basis, with more recent activity receiving higher weights, given that recent sentiment often has a greater impact. All of these final monthly scores are ranked in order to create the index reconstitution for the next monthly time period.

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InsuranceTalks: A Robust Rotation Strategy Designed to Reflect Equity Market Dynamics

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Phillip Brzenk

Head of Multi-Asset Indices

Insurance Talks is an interview series where insurance industry thinkers share their thoughts and perspectives on a variety of market trends and themes impacting indexing.

Kun Qiu is Co-Head of Derivatives Trading and Analytics at Security Benefit where his team manages a notional fixed index annuity (FIA) derivatives portfolio of more than USD 19 billion and seeks to help develop the next generation of FIA products.

S&P DJI: Security Benefit has been a leader in so-called custom indices in FIA products. How did that happen, and why was it important to Security Benefit to innovate in that way?

Kun: After the Global Financial Crisis, the industry was ripe for change in terms of smarter diversification and downside protection. We stepped up our game and became a pioneer of sorts by bringing to market a broad range of underlying index options—across asset types—in our FIA product line that the industry has followed. Later in 2014, we began a strategic focus on building a premier investment team at Security Benefit. The team has been diving deeply into the existing FIA market. We keep looking for innovative index strategies driven by historically proven academic research. We are continuously pushing our technology to achieve better hedging efficiency as well, as we seek to deliver more interest potential for our customers.

S&P DJI: What role do indices play in the information Security Benefit provides to consumers?

Kun: At Security Benefit, our products that are based on indices (like FIAs) are sold through independent, third-party financial professionals who choose to do business with us. We don’t sell directly to consumers, and we have an indirect line of communication to them through the materials we create to explain how our products may be used. Consumers, along with their financial professionals, are better positioned to make the investment planning decisions for their individual situations.

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Why Index Construction Matters in Colombian Equity Benchmarks

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Silvia Kitchener

Director, Global Equity Indices, Latin America

INTRODUCTION

Introduced on Oct. 24, 2013, the S&P Colombia Select Index is one of the leading benchmarks measuring the Colombian equity market.  Designed to track the largest and most liquid Colombian stocks, this index was authorized by the Colombian Ministry of Finance and Public Credit (Ministerio de Hacienda y Crédito Público [MHCP]) in 2015 to sit alongside the MSCI COLCAP Index as the only two domestic equity components of the Índice Agregado de Renta Variable Local (IARVL).  The IARVL is a composite index calculated by the MHCP to track the performance of the Colombian equity market and serve as a benchmark for private and public institutional portfolios, including those of pension funds.

While the S&P Colombia Select Index and MSCI COLCAP Index share the objective of measuring the performance of the local equities market, the S&P Colombia Select Index’s inclusion of single-company and sector caps results in a more diversified measure of the Colombian equities market.  Despite the larger number of securities in the MSCI COLCAP Index, it is a more concentrated index at the company and sector level, compared with the S&P Colombia Select Index.  These variations in exposure have also led to meaningful differences in risk/return profiles historically, with the S&P Colombia Select Index outperforming the MSCI COLCAP Index over the mid and long term. 

METHODOLOGY OVERVIEW

The S&P Colombia Select Index methodology is composed of four sections: the underlying universe, eligibility criteria, index construction, and index maintenance.

A Closer Look at the Universe

The S&P Colombia Select Index methodology starts with a universe composed of the S&P Colombia BMI, a sub-index of the S&P Global BMI, which has eligibility requirements that must be met by all emerging market companies.  Additionally, the universe can be expanded to include Colombian companies trading on the Colombia Stock Exchange (Bolsa de Valores de Colombia [BVC]) that meet the eligibility criteria of the S&P Colombia Select Index, so that it contains at least 14 stocks.

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InsuranceTalks: Exploring ESG Implementation in the Insurance Space

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Margaret Dorn

Senior Director, Head of ESG Indices, North America

Insurance Talks is an interview series where insurance industry thinkers share their thoughts and perspectives on a variety of market trends and themes impacting indexing.

Clara Bacheré is in Insurance Equity Derivatives Sales at BNP Paribas Securities Corp in New York City, and works closely with insurance carriers and distributors on their annuities product development through customized indices and innovative payoffs, as well as their flow and hedging execution needs.

Maggie is Senior Director, ESG Client Engagement, North America at S&P Dow Jones Indices (S&P DJI). In her role, she assists in the strategy for developing ESG indices for the North American market, from best-in-class approaches like the world-renowned Dow Jones Sustainability Index to broad-market ESG alternatives and core solutions like the S&P 500® ESG Index. She also serves as a global spokesperson for S&P DJI’s ESG Indices, educating the market on the values of ESG investing and our industry-leading ESG lineup.

S&P DJI: Tell us a bit about your role and how you serve the insurance space.

Clara: BNP Paribas services insurers in multiple capacities, and the group that I have the pleasure of working with is our Global Markets Equity Derivatives Division. My part of the team specializes in serving insurance carriers and distributors by contributing to the development of their annuities and life products from A to Z, through customized products and designs such as innovative indices, creative crediting strategies, top notch sales and marketing support, both pre- and post-launch, as well as competitive hedging services. We avoid a one-size-fits-all mindset and actually tailor our approach based on each client’s specific needs and distribution preferences while working closely with them to achieve their vision through cost-effective, innovative products. Together, we target where they would like to be over the next 2-5 years and help them through every step of the way, no matter their starting point. More generally, I find the banking industry to be an exciting place at the forefront of innovation as we are continuously challenging ourselves to find smarter ways of offering better product economics for end clients, all while lowering insurers’ costs.

Maggie: Within the ESG Product Strategy space, my role is to remain focused on the rapidly changing world of sustainability indexing and ensure that S&P DJI remains at the forefront of innovative index construction that addresses the evolving needs of the sustainability-minded investor. Products tied to S&P DJI benchmarks have long been at the forefront of the fixed indexed, variable, and structured annuity markets, as well as the indexed universal and variable life markets. As the indexing needs of the insurance industry have continued to evolve, so too has the range of indexing strategies that S&P DJI has designed to address those needs, including, more recently, ESG solutions. Although ESG indices have more recently gained traction with institutions worldwide, S&P DJI has long been a leading provider of sustainability-driven index solutions, including the launch of the renowned Dow Jones Sustainability Index over 20 years ago. 

S&P DJI: 2020 was a watershed moment for ESG investing. How have you seen interest in ESG evolve over time within the insurance industry?

Maggie: Insurance organizations worldwide are becoming increasingly aware of ESG risk factors and their potential impact on their investment portfolios. Large institutions like insurance companies are facing greater pressure from external shareholders to better manage their exposure to things like environmental and social risks. As investors progressively demand ESG options and information related to the environmental and social responsibility of their investments, providers of insurancebased investment products face pressure to meet this demand. More widely, insurers are looking to confirm that their own practices are ethically sound from an ESG perspective in order to maintain continued support from investors and customers. A useful framework to examine in this context is the UN Environment Programme Finance Initiative Principles for Sustainable Insurance (PSI). The PSI is centered around the idea that insurers can play a vital role in encouraging sustainable economic development.

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