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Penta CLO 14 DAC European Cash Flow CLO Notes Assigned Ratings

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Penta CLO 14 DAC European Cash Flow CLO Notes Assigned Ratings

Ratings List
Class Rating Amount (mil. €) Subordination (%) Interest rate*
A loan AAA (sf) 49.10 40.50 Index plus 1.85%
A AAA (sf) 147.25 40.50 Index plus 1.85%
B AA (sf) 34.65 30.00 Index plus 2.75%
C A (sf) 20.62 23.75 Index plus 3.85%
D BBB- (sf) 21.45 17.25 Index plus 6.25%
E BB- (sf) 16.50 12.25 Index plus 7.02%
F B- (sf) 8.30 9.74 Index plus 10.38%
Sub NR 32.90 N/A N/A
*The payment frequency switches to semiannual and the index switches to six-month EURIBOR when a frequency switch event occurs. Index--Three/six-month EURIBOR (Euro Interbank Offered Rate). NR--Not rated. N/A--Not applicable.


  • Penta CLO 14 DAC is a European cash flow CLO securitization of a revolving pool, comprising euro-denominated senior secured loans and bonds issued mainly by speculative-grade borrowers. Partners Group (UK) Management Ltd. manages the transaction.
  • We have assigned our credit ratings to the class A loan and class A, B, C, D, E, and F notes.
  • The ratings reflect our view of the transaction's diversified collateral pool, credit enhancement, and legal structure, among other factors.

LONDON (S&P Global Ratings) March 8, 2023--S&P Global Ratings today assigned its credit ratings to Penta CLO 14 DAC's class A loan and class A, B, C, D, E, and F notes. The issuer also issued unrated subordinated notes (see list).

Under the transaction documents, the rated notes pay quarterly interest unless there is a frequency switch event. Following this, the notes will switch to semiannual payment. Upon this event, the index will also change from three-month euro interbank offered rate (EURIBOR) to six-month EURIBOR.

This transaction has a 1.53 year non-call period and the portfolio's reinvestment period will end approximately 4.6 years after closing.

The ratings reflect our assessment of:

  • The diversified collateral pool, which primarily comprises broadly syndicated speculative-grade senior secured term loans and bonds that are governed by collateral quality tests.
  • The credit enhancement provided through the subordination of cash flows, excess spread, and overcollateralization (OC).
  • The collateral manager's experienced team, which can affect the performance of the rated notes through collateral selection, ongoing portfolio management, and trading.
  • The transaction's legal structure, which is bankruptcy remote.
  • The transaction's counterparty risks, which are in line with our counterparty rating framework.

Portfolio Benchmarks
S&P Global Ratings weighted-average rating factor 2,895.58
Default rate dispersion 474.47
Weighted-average life (years) 4.54
Obligor diversity measure 107.49
Industry diversity measure 20.90
Regional diversity measure 1.18

Transaction Key Metrics
Total par amount (mil. €) 330.00
Identified assets (%)* 100
Ramp-up at closing (%)* 90
Defaulted assets (mil. €) 0
Number of performing obligors 118
Portfolio weighted-average rating derived from our CDO evaluator B
'CCC' category rated assets (%) 2.48
'AAA' weighted-average recovery covenanted(%)*/actual(%)§ 35.56/35.56
Weighted-average spread covenanted(%)*/actual(%)§† 4.09/4.09
Weighted-average coupon covenanted(%)*/actual(%)§ 5.00/4.74
*As a percentage of target par. §As a percentage of identified assets. †Weighted-average spreads are numbers with floors.
Rating rationale

Our ratings reflect our assessment of the collateral portfolio's credit quality, which has a weighted-average rating of 'B'. The closing portfolio primarily comprises broadly syndicated speculative-grade senior secured term loans and senior secured bonds. Therefore, we conducted our credit and cash flow analysis by applying our criteria for corporate cash flow CDOs (see "Global Methodology And Assumptions For CLOs And Corporate CDOs," published on June 21, 2019).

In our cash flow analysis, we modelled the €330 million par amount, the actual weighted-average spread of 4.09%, and the actual weighted-average recovery rates. We applied various cash flow stress scenarios, using four different default patterns, in conjunction with different interest rate stress scenarios for each liability rating category.

The transaction's documented counterparty replacement and remedy mechanisms adequately mitigate its exposure to counterparty risk under our counterparty criteria (see "Counterparty Risk Framework: Methodology And Assumptions," published on March 8, 2019).

Following the application of our structured finance sovereign risk criteria, we consider the transaction's exposure to country risk to be limited at the assigned ratings, as the exposure to individual sovereigns does not exceed the diversification thresholds outlined in our criteria (see "Incorporating Sovereign Risk In Rating Structured Finance Securities: Methodology And Assumptions," published on Jan. 30, 2019).

The transaction's legal structure is bankruptcy remote, in line with our legal criteria (see "Structured Finance: Asset Isolation And Special-Purpose Entity Methodology," published on March 29, 2017).

Our credit and cash flow analysis indicate that the available credit enhancement for the class B to F notes could withstand stresses commensurate with higher rating levels than those we have assigned. However, as the CLO is still in its reinvestment phase, during which the transaction's credit risk profile could deteriorate, we have capped our assigned ratings on these notes. The class A loans and class A notes can withstand stresses commensurate with the assigned ratings.

Following our analysis of the credit, cash flow, counterparty, operational, and legal risks, we believe that our ratings are commensurate with the available credit enhancement for the class A loan and class A, B, C, D, E, and F notes.

In addition to our standard analysis, to provide an indication of how rising pressures among speculative-grade corporates could affect our ratings on European CLO transactions, we have also included the sensitivity of the ratings on the class A to E notes, based on four hypothetical scenarios. The results are shown in the chart below.


As our ratings analysis makes additional considerations before assigning ratings in the 'CCC' category, and we would assign a 'B-' rating if the criteria for assigning a 'CCC' category rating are not met, we have not included the above scenario analysis results for the class F notes.

Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) factors

We regard the exposure to ESG credit factors in the transaction as being broadly in line with our benchmark for the sector (see "ESG Industry Report Card: Collateralized Loan Obligations," published on March 31, 2021). Primarily due to the diversity of the assets within CLOs, the exposure to environmental credit factors is viewed as below average, social credit factors are below average, and governance credit factors are average. For this transaction, the documents prohibit or limit assets from being related to the standard ESG product based standard exclusions. Accordingly, since the exclusion of assets from these industries does not result in material differences between the transaction and our ESG benchmark for the sector, no specific adjustments have been made in our rating analysis to account for any ESG-related risks or opportunities.

Environmental, social, and governance (ESG) corporate credit indicators

The influence of ESG factors in our credit rating analysis of European CLOs primarily depends on the influence of ESG factors in our analysis of the underlying corporate obligors. To provide additional disclosure and transparency of the influence of ESG factors for the CLO asset portfolio in aggregate, we've calculated the weighted-average and distributions of our ESG credit indicators for the underlying obligors (see "The Influence Of Corporate ESG Factors In Our Credit Rating Analysis Of European CLOs," published on April 20, 2022). We regard this transaction's exposure as being broadly in line with our benchmark for the sector, with the environmental and social credit indicators concentrated primarily in category 2 (neutral) and the governance credit indicators concentrated in category 3 (moderately negative) (see "ESG Credit Indicator Report Card: Global CLOs," published on Nov. 24, 2022).

Corporate ESG Credit Indicators
Environmental Social Governance
Weighted-average credit indicator* 2.05 2.14 2.90
E-1/S-1/G-1 distribution (%) 0.79 0.39 0.00
E-2/S-2/G-2 distribution (%) 87.49 81.27 12.54
E-3/S-3/G-3 distribution (%) 5.36 10.09 78.81
E-4/S-4/G-4 distribution (%) 0.00 1.89 1.45
E-5/S-5/G-5 distribution (%) 0.00 0.00 0.83
Unmatched obligor (%) 6.36 6.36 6.36
Unidentified asset (%) 0.00 0.00 0.00
*Only includes matched obligor.

Penta CLO 14 DAC is a European cash flow CLO securitization of a revolving pool, comprising euro-denominated senior secured loans and bonds issued mainly by speculative-grade borrowers. Partners Group (UK) Management Ltd. manages the transaction.

Related Criteria

Related Research

Primary Credit Analyst:Abhijit A Pawar, London + 44 20 7176 3774;
Secondary Contact:Emanuele Tamburrano, London + 44 20 7176 3825;
Research Contributor:Tejas Parab, CRISIL Global Analytical Center, an S&P affiliate, Mumbai

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