立即注册,

不到 60 秒您即可继续访问:最新资讯提要分析主题和专题大宗商品视频、播客和博客样本市场价格和数据专题报道订阅用户通知和每日大宗商品电子邮件提醒

已有帐户?

登录以注册

忘记密码

请注意:Platts Market Center 订阅用户只能通过 Platts Market Center 重置密码

请在下面输入您的电子邮件 ID,我们将给您发送一封包含您密码的电子邮件。


  • 电子邮件地址* 请输入电子邮件地址。

如果您是高级订阅用户,出于安全原因,我们无法向您发送您的密码。请联系客服团队

如果您是 Platts Market Center 订阅用户,若要重置密码,请转到 Platts Market Center 重置您的密码。

在此列表中
石油

Iraq-Iran oil ties hampered by US sanctions

天然气 | 石油

Platts 情景规划服务

Bunker Fuel | 石油 | 原油 | 液化石油气 (LPG) | 石油风险 | 成品油 | 燃料油 | 汽油 | 航油 | 石脑油

appec

液化天然气 (LNG) | 天然气 | 石油 | 原油

在规避期约谈判的情况下,LNG项目面临融资困境和延迟难题

Iraq-Iran oil ties hampered by US sanctions

London — Energy relations between Iraq and Iran are increasingly coming under pressure from the US government, which has forced OPEC's second largest producer to end a crude supply deal with its neighbor Iran.

尚未注册?

接收每日电子邮件提醒、订阅用户通知并获得个性化体验。

立即注册

The US granted a sanctions waiver to Iraq for electricity and natural gas imports from Iran, but this was not extended to its oil supply deal with the country's fellow OPEC member.

Iran's oil minister Bijan Zanganeh admitted Tuesday that its energy relations with Iran were being hampered by the US.

"We had a [crude] oil swap from Kirkuk. After the [US] sanctions, the Iraqis stopped that too," Zanganeh said during a press conference, according to a Shana news agency report. "Iraq owes us $2 billion for gas and electricity. [We would be thankful] if they would pay that back."

The US is pressuring Iraq to turn away from Iran by promoting US businesses in deals that will help Iraq wean itself off of Iranian gas and power supplies, according to industry and military sources.

US security forces have also been engaging with Kurdish and federal Iraqi security forces to boost security coordination efforts.

Zanganeh met his counterpart Thamir Ghadhban in Baghdad in January, but no progress was made on any possible agreements.

Zanganeh also bemoaned the lack of cooperation from Iraq, and was doubtful any progress would be made on the development of the Azadegan and Yadavaran fields, both of which lie on the two countries' border.

"There are many easy [projects] to do with them and I have proposed all of it to them during this recent trip," Zanganeh said "They didn't accept any of it."

A spokesman from Iraq's oil ministry was unavailable for comment Tuesday.

CRUDE SWAP DEAL

In 2018, Iraq and Iran agreed a crude supply swap deal.

Iraq agreed to truck around 30,000 b/d-60,000 b/d of oil from the northern Kirkuk fields to Iran's Kermanshah refinery.

In return, crude of equal value would move from Iran into southern Iraq's Basra province either by tanker or pipeline.

However, only sporadic amounts of Iraqi crude traveled by truck to Iran in the second half of the year.

Iraq then stopped trading crude with Iran prior to the November 5 snapback of American sanctions, which otherwise would have meant it had violated the sanctions.

In the past few days, Iraq and Jordan have reached a deal -- pending security -- to resume truck transportation of 10,000 b/d of oil to Jordan, further evidence Iraq is not looking to resume oil trading with Iran.

Iraq does not produce enough power itself or have enough feedstock for its existing power plants.

Imports from Iran account for nearly 30% of Iraq's 14,000 MW of daily electricity consumption.

Cutting that supply would be devastating for Iraq's economy and, considering the ferocity of summer power protests, would likely destabilize an already fragile political picture.

Around 1.25 Bcf/d of gas is imported by pipeline, feeding three power plants in Diyala and Baghdad provinces.

Another 350 Mcf/d is sent by pipeline to a power plant in Basra.

Iraq is also sourcing a total of 1,000 MW of electricity from Iran directly via transmission lines.

-- Eklavya Gupte with Aresu Eqbali and staff reports, newsdesk@spglobal.com

-- Edited by Keiron Greenhalgh, newsdesk@spglobal.com