* 2016 forecast raised to $42.50/b
* Cost deflation set to buoy supply
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S&P Global Ratings has revised upward its price assumptions for Brent and West Texas Intermediate crude oil this year to $42.50/b but said it does not expect average prices to rise above $55/b before the end of the decade.
The ratings agency said it expects the global oil market to remain oversupplied "well into 2017" with high oil and product inventories continue to drag on spot oil values.
It said its long-term price assumptions, however, mostly reflect the expected impact of significant industry cost deflation, which is lowering the long-term cost of producing a marginal barrel.
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Assigning its first oil price assumption for 2019, S&P said it sees prices climbing gradually to average $47/b next year before rising to $50/b in 2018 and $55/b in 2019.
"Declining costs come after a decade of inflation, thanks to engineering optimization, improved drilling efficiencies, and production cost reductions, especially in the once high-cost US shale formations," S&P said. "Drillers, forced to improvise because of the low prices, have introduced new drilling methods, fracking, and well-completion techniques that have resulted in more permanent cost reductions."
Citing its assessment of current oil futures price curves, S&P said it has raised its estimate for the two benchmark oil prices by $2.50/b from $40/b for the rest of 2016. Its previous 2016 estimate of $40/b was published in mid-January.
FREEZE TALK IMPACT
Consensus oil price forecasts by analysts for 2016 have been slowly rising from around $40/b since Brent crude bottomed out earlier this year.
Brent crude was at $46.80/b in midday European trading Wednesday, up 73% from the grade's 2016 low on January 20, helped by talk of a potential deal by key producers to limit production.
More recently, however, market watchers have largely discounted any meaningful impact from a potential deal to freeze production at an informal meeting between OPEC and non-OPEC producers later this month.
"We note the potential for production restrictions after the OPEC meeting at the end of September 2016, but remain cautious about the material impact of any such restrictions," S&P said.
S&P said it assumes no material difference between the prices of WTI and Brent oil, based on both the feasibility of US crude exports and the observation that the spread has remained less than $2.50/b in the year to date.
S&P Global Ratings, which like Platts is a division of S&P Global, uses its oil price assumptions to assess sovereign and corporate credit quality, in particular for exploration and production companies.
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