New Delhi — Dry weather across most regions in Brazil's Rio Grande do Sul continues to impact corn planting and the development of crops, the Secretariat of Agriculture, Livestock and Rural Development said Nov. 19.
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Corn planting in Rio Grande do Sul is complete in 80% of the projected area, lower than the 82% registered around the same time in 2019, but above the four-year average of 84%, the state department said.
Rio Grande do Sul is the second-largest producer of the first corn crop in Brazil and is expected to produce 5.7 million mt in 2020-21, up 44.8% year on year, according to Brazil's national agricultural agency, Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (Conab).
Last year, corn crops in the state suffered severe losses due to drought.
The first corn crop planting in Brazil usually takes place during September-December and harvesting occurs in February-May. The second crop is planted in February-March and harvested in June-July.
The first corn crop, which is mostly grown in the southern states, including Rio Grande do Sul, is crucial for the livestock feed manufacturers in the country because they are concentrated in the southern region.
However, most of the country's corn production comes from the states in the Center-West region.
Although Brazil is the second-largest corn exporter in the world, transporting corn from the Center-West states to the south is expensive and feed manufacturers depend on the first corn crop and imports for their feed inputs.
Brazil's corn production is expected at a record 104.89 million mt in 2020-21, up 2.3% year on year, but slightly lower than the October forecast of 105.17 million mt, Brazil's national agricultural agency, Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento (Conab), said in its latest forecast on Nov. 10.
First corn production in Brazil is pegged at 26.5 million mt in 2020-21, up 3.1% from the previous season, while second corn output is forecast at 76.76 million mt, up 2.3%, the report showed.