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Dominant parties fail to secure majority in European parliamentary elections

The European Parliament's two largest political parties failed to secure a combined majority in the chamber amid a rise in support for liberal and green parties, while nationalists also saw strong results in major countries such as France and the U.K., according to provisional results of the elections held from May 23 to 26.

The European People's Party, which predominantly consists of center-right political parties in the EU, won 179 seats in the 751-seat European Parliament and remains the largest group in the chamber. Meanwhile, the center-left Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats came in second with 150 seats.

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe and its affiliate parties secured 107 seats, followed by the EU's green parties with 70 seats.

But while pro-EU parties will continue to hold a majority of the seats in the European Parliament, the results also signaled strong showings from nationalist parties. In France, the National Rally led by Marine Le Pen came in at first place with 23.53% of the votes, while the coalition that includes President Emmanuel Macron's party En Marche! followed with 22.47%.

Meanwhile, the newly formed Brexit Party led in the U.K. with 31.71% of the votes, with the Liberal Democrats a distant second at 18.55%. The Labour Party won 14.05%, while the Conservatives received 8.71%. The U.K. had to participate in the elections despite voting to leave the EU in 2016, as a withdrawal agreement between the two sides remain out of reach.

In Germany, the ruling center-right Christian Democratic Union and its Bavarian partner, the Christian Social Union, led with 28.70% of the votes, followed by the Greens with 20.70%. In Italy, Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini's Lega came in at first place with 33.64% of the votes, while its coalition partner in the national government, the 5-Star Movement, came in third with 16.65%.

The EU saw a voter turnout of 50.95%. Country-wise, Belgium and Luxembourg saw the highest turnout of 89.0% and 84.1%, respectively.