The U.S. Energy Information Administration reported that U.S. crude oil and petroleum stockpiles moved in opposite directions in the week to Dec. 27, 2019.
U.S. crude oil inventories, excluding the strategic petroleum reserve, declined 11.5 million barrels from the week prior to 429.9 million barrels, according to the agency's Jan. 3 "Weekly Petroleum Status Report." Total gasoline inventories climbed by 3.2 million barrels to 242.5 million barrels, while distillate inventories climbed by 8.8 million barrels to 133.7 million barrels.
Total U.S. crude oil inputs climbed 1.8% on the week to 17.3 million barrels per day for a trailing four-week average of 16.7 million bbl/d, down 4.3% from the same period a year ago and 0.7% below the five-year average. The EIA pegged U.S. refinery utilization at 94.5%, down from the year-ago level of 97.2% but in line with the five-year average for the week, with PADD 1 utilization pegged at 68.1%.
On June 21, 2019, a fire broke out at a 335,000-bbl/d refinery operated by Philadelphia Energy Solutions Inc. in PADD 1, destroying one of the complex's alkylation units. Two weeks before the fire, one of the plant's fluid catalytic cracking units, which converts high-boiling, high-molecular-weight hydrocarbon fractions into products such as gasoline, reportedly had been shut down. The company announced June 26, 2019, that it would shut down the complex and prepare it for sale.
Meanwhile, total U.S. gasoline production was mixed versus historical averages. Finished motor gasoline production was down 3.4% from the prior week to bring the trailing four-week average to 10.0 million bbl/d, down 1.0% from the year-ago level but up 1.1% from the five-year average.
Distillate production declined 1.5% on the week, bringing the trailing four-week average to 5.2 million bbl/d, down 4.6% from the same week a year ago and in line with the five-year average.