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ESG Scores

S&P Global ESG Scores – and the CSA research process that underpins them – form the basis of a unique ecosystem that actively drives corporate disclosures and raises the bar on sustainability standards over time.

What sets S&P Global ESG Scores apart?

Unlike ESG datasets that rely simply on publicly available information, S&P Global ESG Scores are uniquely informed by a combination of verified company disclosures, media and stakeholder analysis, and in-depth company engagement via the S&P Global Corporate Sustainability Assessment (CSA) , providing unparalleled access to ESG insights before they reach others.

Companies collectively contribute hundreds of thousands of hours in every assessment cycle, while S&P Global analysts validate disclosures for both accuracy and relevance, discuss methodologies and measurement best-practices, and provide ongoing feedback. Unlike any other ESG dataset available in the market today, S&P Global ESG Scores – and the CSA research process that underpins them – form the basis of a unique ecosystem that actively drives corporate disclosures and raises the bar on sustainability standards over time.

More data. Deeper analysis. Clearer picture.

Informed by investment practitioners with investment processes in mind.

Built on company engagement working with companies for >20 years.

Used by companies to derive measurable change.

Well balanced methodology combines disclosures and forward looking metrics.

In-depth scoring allows for precise differentiation of companies.

Independent assurance of analytical processes provides quality assurance.

Discover multiple layers of ESG data intelligence

S&P Global ESG Scores provide an unparalleled depth and breadth of ESG insight, built upon multiple layers of ESG data, and underpinned by a rich bedrock of underlying data intelligence captured by the S&P Global Corporate Sustainability Assessment (CSA).

Our scores provide transparency to drill down into material environmental, social and governance criteria scores for up to 30 focus areas across sub-industries; question-level scores covering 130 sustainability topics; and up to an additional 1,000 underlying data points per company — powering investment decisions and client workflows with granular precision and clarity.

Source: Exclusive company disclosure and exclusive disclosures via the S&P Global CSA Coverage as of September 2021. The 2021 methodology cycle will cover more than 11,500 companies, representing 99% of global market capitalization once it concludes.

Find an ESG score.

S&P Global ESG Scores use an advanced scoring methodology to provide an annual evaluation of environmental, social and governance practices.

*S&P Global Sustainable1 is removing ESG scores for all Russian companies on its public and product platforms. S&P Global Sustainable1 continues to review its position on this coverage and methodology for affected companies.

The first waves of 2022 S&P Global ESG Scores, informed by the Corporate Sustainability Assessment (CSA), are now available. Additional ESG Scores will be released monthly, with all 2022 ESG Scores available in August 2023.

Driven by a focus on materiality

We identify financially material factors as those that may have a present or future impact on a company’s value drivers, earnings capacity, competitive positioning, or long-term value for its shareholders and if those factors have a significant impact on society or the environment. Material ESG issues are those that can affect the entity’s business operations, cash flows, legal or regulatory liabilities, access to capital or reputation, as well as relationships with key stakeholders, the environment, or society more broadly — either directly or through its value chain (both upstream and downstream).

We thus consider double materiality as an integral part of the analysis of corporate sustainability performance. But while hundreds of sustainability criteria might apply, only a handful of critical ESG factors usually impact the future success of companies’ business models in practice. Naturally, these highly-material factors vary significantly across industries. While some generic ESG topics are financially relevant to all industries — such as corporate governance, risk management or business ethics — the industry-specific portion of each questionnaire is built upon S&P Global’s industry materiality matrices for each of the 61 sub-industries that we cover.

Social Dimensions
Criteria Topics

  • Addressing Cost Burden
  • Asset Closure Management
  • Corporate Citizenship & Philanthropy
  • Financial Inclusion
  • Health Outcome Contribution
  • Human Capital Development
  • Human Rights
  • Labor Practice Indicators
  • Local Impact of Business Operations
  • Occupational Health & Safety
  • Partnerships Towards Sustainable Healthcare
  • Passenger Safety
  • Responsibility of Content
  • Social Impacts on Communities
  • Social Integration & Regeneration
  • Social Reporting
  • Stakeholder Engagement
  • Strategy to Improve Access to Drugs or Products
  • Talent Attraction & Retention
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Environmental Dimension
Criteria Topics

  • Biodiversity
  • Building Materials
  • Climate Strategy
  • Co-Processing
  • Electricity Generation
  • Environmental Policy & Management Systems
  • Environmental Reporting
  • Fuel Efficiency
  • Genetically Modified Organisms
  • Low Carbon Strategy
  • Mineral Waste Management
  • Operational Eco-Efficiency
  • Packaging
  • Product Stewardship
  • Raw Material Sourcing
  • Recycling Strategy
  • Resource Conservation & Resource Efficiency
  • Sustainable Forestry Practices
  • Transmission & Distribution
  • Water Operations
  • Water-Related Risks
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Governance & Economic
Criteria Topics

  • Anti-Crime Policy & Measures
  • Brand Management
  • Codes of Business Conduct
  • Compliance with Applicable Export Control Regimes
  • Corporate Governance
  • Customer Relationship Management
  • Efficiency
  • Energy Mix
  • Financial Stability & Systemic Risk
  • Fleet Management
  • Health & Nutrition
  • Information Security/Cybersecurity & System Availability
  • Innovation Management
  • Market Opportunities
  • Marketing Practices
  • Materiality
  • Network Reliability
  • Policy Influence
  • Principles for Sustainable Insurance
  • Privacy Protection
  • Product Quality & Recall Management
  • Reliability
  • Risk & Crisis Management
  • Strategy for Emerging Markets
  • Supply Chain Management
  • Sustainable Construction
  • Sustainable Finance
  • Water-Related Risks
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Delivering unparalleled accuracy and relevance

The CSA delivers unparalleled insight into corporate sustainability practices, drawing on decades of engagement with thousands of companies each year. It goes far deeper than simply determining how transparent companies are by also uncovering how well they really manage the ESG risks and opportunities they face - including those new and underreported topics of growing importance that have yet to reach the disclosure agenda.

S&P Global ESG Scores thus provide the deepest possible insight into companies’ ESG performance, with accurate assessments not swayed by readily available data, while also playing a leading role in shaping the sustainability landscape by introducing new topics and advocating for improved standards and disclosure over time.

Why Choose S&P Global ESG Scores

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Transparency and Impact: The Essential Principles of ESG

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Transparency Matters: S&P Global ESG Scores

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Ahead of the curve

Underreported topics captured by the S&P Global CSA long before they reach the disclosure agenda

Sources: ”Human Capital Management Coalition.” UAW Trust, 2020, **US/SIF.” The Forum Sustainable and Responsible Investment, 2019, *** ”Principles for Responsible Investment.”PRI, 2020, **** ”Corporate Governance.” Corporate Governance, 2020,

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Why S&P Global?

Accelerate Your Sustainability Journey

Gain unparalleled insight into critical topics like ESG performance, net zero, energy transition, sustainable financing, regulatory compliance and more.

Discover End-to-End Market Perspectives

Leverage intelligence that is tried-and-tested throughout the global value chain, applying deep knowledge of corporate sustainability assessments that scales analytics for asset owners, investment managers and banks.

Connect Your Workflows

Link sustainability data with financial data and market intelligence, and dig deep with screening tools, real time updates, data visualizations and customized dashboards.

Increase Your Productivity

Access data when and how you want it with flexible delivery options that include a leading desktop solution, APIs, data feeds and cloud access, underpinned by robust data linking, AI and machine-learning technologies.

Rely on a Deep Heritage of Innovation

Put 20+ years of experience behind your sustainability strategy, getting ahead of disclosure trends with active corporate engagement and granular data modelling, and delivering enhanced solutions recognized by numerous industry awards.

Enjoy Superior Customer Service

Know you have 24x7x365 backup and specialist assistance from ESG specialists and research analysts across our global offices.