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Companies that want to provide their investors with a forward-looking opinion that tells the story of how their ESG strategy will prepare them for future risks and opportunities can take the next step with an ESG Evaluation from S&P Global Ratings. The Evaluation is powered by the expertise of our credit analysts, direct engagement with the company, and the in-depth data and insights provided by the Corporate Sustainability Assessment (CSA).

An ESG Evaluation is a cross-sector relative analysis of an entity’s capacity to operate successfully in the future and is grounded in how ESG factors could affect stakeholders, leading to a material direct or indirect financial impact on the entity.

ESG Profile

  • Assesses exposure to observable ESG risks & opportunities
  • Considers governance structure in mitigating risks & capitalizing on opportunities


  • Assesses the capacity to anticipate and adapt to a variety of long-term plausible disruptions
  • Disruptions not limited to environmental or social scenarios

ESG Evaluation Profile Factors

S&P Global Green Evaluation

Green Evaluation is an asset-level environmental credential which provides a more comprehensive picture of green impact and climate risk attributes.

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Provides a relative green impact score

Environmental performance data and analysis by Trucost

Provides a second opinion confirming alignment with Green Bond Principles 2019 and Green Loan Principles 2019

Consider a variety of environmental key performance indicators

Not limited to issuer self-labelled green bonds

Light touch approach to limit administrative burden

ESG in Credit Ratings

S&P Global Ratings has long considered Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG) factors in its credit ratings, and we capture ESG factors in many areas of our methodology.

  • ESG factors are most often considered in our assessment of the issuer’s Business risk (specifically, its competitive position); Financial risk (through our cash flow/leverage assessment and financial forecasts); and Management and governance.
  • Our financial institutions analysis typically considers ESG factors in the context of the Banking Industry Country Risk Assessment (BICRA), risk position, and governance assessments.
  • Our insurance methodology takes a similar approach to our corporate and bank criteria frameworks embedding the impact of ESG credit factors into several aspects of the overall rating process.
  • Under our project finance methodology, ESG factors are most often analyzed in the context of a project's construction and operations phases.
  • Structured finance vehicles typically comprise a pool of financial assets that generate cash flow over time. Our analytics focus on the following factors: the credit quality of the securitized assets; legal and regulatory risks; payment structure and cash flow mechanics; operational and administrative risks; and counterparty risks.

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Trucost SDG Evaluation

Trucost provides financial institutions, corporations, governments, and thought leaders with robust insight to fast-track ESG integration and identify sustainable growth opportunities. In addition to data, analytics, and insights; portfolio footprints and audits; and advisory services, Trucost offers a Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Evaluation tool to enable companies to identify wider business risks and opportunities aligned with the UN SDGs.

  • Provides a score of a company’s overall SDG performance and individual scores for each goal, including positive contributions towards the SDGs as well as negative impacts
  • Compares a company’s performance relative to its sector and competitors
  • Identifies the most relevant SDGs for a company, with prioritized risks and opportunities
  • Conducts gap assessment of SDG investments

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